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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Union in Monroe County, West Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Union, Western Virginia

History All Around

 
 
Union, Western Virginia Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, August 6, 2012
1. Union, Western Virginia Marker
Inscription. The Confederate Monument, dedicated in 1901 to honor the local men who served the South, is up the walkway to your left. Thirteen Confederate companies were formed here in Monroe County.

From the top of the hill, behind the monument and the tree line half a mile away stands Walnut Grove. This house served as a hospital when Federal forces under Gen. George Crook occupied Union for five days in 1864. Incomplete pairs of shoes later found under the house were allegedly tossed there after amputations.

To your left are the Knobs, hills where many of the town’s residents hid as Crook approached. The Rev. Samuel R. Houston, a Presbyterian minister who kept a diary during the war, lived in the brick house behind, across from the church. Elmwood, the brick mansion of attorney Allen T. Caperton, is visible above the stone wall to your right. As county provost marshal, Caperton imprisoned loyal Unionists. He also served as a Confederate senator for Virginia and, after the war, as a U.S. senator for West Virginia.

Crook’s 10,000 men camped in these fields. Like other houses here, Elmwood was plundered, “entered by 50 {Union soldiers} at the front door and almost ruined.” Caperton’s daughter Mary asked Crook to return a cow so her family could have milk. A gold medal belonging to another daughter, Melinda
Union, Western Virginia Marker with Confederate Monument in the Distance image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, May 30, 2015
2. Union, Western Virginia Marker with Confederate Monument in the Distance
Caperton, also was taken. Years later, a former Confederate officer in Wheeling learned that a former Union soldier had just traded a canteen of whiskey for the medal. Both men wished to return it, and thirty-three years after the war, the medal came back to Elmwood
 
Erected by West Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the West Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 37° 35.766′ N, 80° 32.61′ W. Marker is in Union, West Virginia, in Monroe County. Marker can be reached from 5th Street (U.S. 219), on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. The marker is .09 miles north of intersection with 5th Street N. Marker is in this post office area: Union WV 24983, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Civil War Monument ( about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Gen. John Echols House ( approx. ¼ mile away); Bishop Matthew W. Clair, Sr. ( approx. 0.3 miles away); a different marker also named Union ( approx. 0.3 miles away); General John Echols ( approx. 0.3 miles away); William Porcher Miles
Confederate Monument image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, August 6, 2012
3. Confederate Monument
The granite base reads: “There is a true glory and a true honor. The glory of duty done. The honor of integrity of principle.” —R.E. Lee
( approx. 0.3 miles away); Crook's Occupation of Union ( approx. 0.3 miles away); Chapman House ( approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Union.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Confederate Monument image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, May 30, 2015
4. Confederate Monument
Confederate Monument image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, August 6, 2012
5. Confederate Monument
“Elmwood” as Seen from the Confederate Monument image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, May 30, 2015
6. “Elmwood” as Seen from the Confederate Monument
The Caperton home described on this marker.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 7, 2012, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. This page has been viewed 395 times since then and 34 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on September 7, 2012, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234.   2. submitted on June 3, 2015, by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia.   3. submitted on September 7, 2012, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234.   4. submitted on June 3, 2015, by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia.   5. submitted on September 7, 2012, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234.   6. submitted on June 3, 2015, by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
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