Beaufort in Beaufort County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Beaufort County, South Carolina
Colonial And Revolutionary Period
During the Colonial period the Beaufort district grew and prospered. Rice was produced for export on the mainland, indigo in the sea islands, shipbuilding flourished. The Parish System developed as the political basis and Beaufort competed with Charleston for prestige and influence.
Until 1779 Beaufort played little part in the Revolution. Early in that year the first British attempt to take the town was repulsed by General William Moultrie's Militia at the Battle of Port Royal Island. The same year Beaufort was occupied by British forces. Patriots and Tories fought bitterly throughout the area to the end of 1782. Beaufort's most prominent patriot was Thomas Heyward Jr., signer of the Declaration of Independence.
After slow recovery from the war's depletion, the introduction of sea island cotton in 1799 brought a rapid increase in plantations and slaves. New wealth provided Beaufort's elegant homes, fine libraries and some of the best preparatory schools in the south between 1800 and 1860, including Beaufort College. So many men of the state and national prominence were produces that ante-bellum Beaufort was described as the "wealthiest, most aristocratic and cultivating town of its size in America." It was an economy based upon cotton undergirded by slavery.
Location. 32° 25.828′ N, 80° 40.384′ W. Marker is in Beaufort, South Carolina, in Beaufort County. Touch for map. Marker is in Henry C. Chambers Waterfront Park, along the Beaufort River. Marker is in this post office area: Beaufort SC 29902, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named Beaufort County, South Carolina ( here, next to this marker); Thomas Heyward, Jr. ( here, next to this marker); Beaufort County South Carolina ( here, next to this marker); Verdier House ( about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Beaufort South Carolina Tricentennial ( about 700 feet away); First Fort ( about 800 feet away); Tabernacle Baptist Church ( approx. 0.2 miles away); Robert Smalls ( approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Beaufort.
Regarding Beaufort County, South Carolina. "in·di·go "
a. Any of various shrubs or herbs of the genus Indigofera in the pea family, having odd-pinnate leaves and usually red or purple flowers in axillary racemes.
b. A blue dye obtained from these plants
Also see . . . Wikipedia entry for Thomas Heyward, Jr. ...was a signer of the United States Declaration (Submitted on March 3, 2008, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.)
Categories. • Antebellum South, US • Colonial Era • Horticulture & Forestry • Industry & Commerce • Notable Places • Patriots & Patriotism • War, US Revolutionary •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on March 3, 2008, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 1,362 times since then and 47 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on March 3, 2008, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page.