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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Sharpsburg in Washington County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

William's Division, Twelfth Army Corps

 
 
William's Division, Twelfth Army Corps Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, February 9, 2008
1. William's Division, Twelfth Army Corps Marker
Inscription.
U.S.A.
Williams' Division, Twelfth Army Corps,

Brig. Gen. Alpheus S. Williams, Commanding.
(September 17, 1862.)

Williams' Division moved from the Line and Hoffman Farms at daylight on the 17th, formed line at 7 a.m. near the North Woods, and advanced, Gordon's Brigade on the right to the high ground between D.R. Miller's and the East Woods, facing south; Crawford's Brigade on Gordon's left, facing southwest, and extending across the Smoketown Road. The Division relieved the left and centre of the First Army Corps, checked the Confederate advance, and, in co-operations with Green's Division forced forced the enemy into the West Woods west of the Hagerstown Road. Later it supported the assault made by Sedgwick's Division, Second Corps, and then formed in support of the Sixth Corps and continued upon this duty until the close of the engagement.
 
Erected by Antietam Battlefield Board. (Marker Number 28.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Antietam Campaign War Department Markers marker series.
 
Location. 39° 29.064′ N, 77° 44.567′ W. Marker is near Sharpsburg, Maryland, in Washington County. Marker is at the intersection of Mansfield Avenue
William's Division, Twelfth Army Corps Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, September 19, 2015
2. William's Division, Twelfth Army Corps Marker
and Smoketown Road, on the left when traveling east on Mansfield Avenue. Touch for map. Located at a "dogleg" of Mansfield Avenue before the intersection with the Smoketown Road. Marker is in this post office area: Sharpsburg MD 21782, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 10 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Twelfth Army Corps (here, next to this marker); 12th Pennsylvania Cavalry (here, next to this marker); a different marker also named Twelfth Army Corps (a few steps from this marker); First Army Corps (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named First Army Corps (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Greene's Division, Twelfth Army Corps. (about 400 feet away); a different marker also named Twelfth Army Corps (about 400 feet away); a different marker also named Twelfth Army Corps (about 400 feet away); Mansfield (about 500 feet away); Major General Joseph K. F. Mansfield (about 600 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Sharpsburg.
 
Regarding William's Division, Twelfth Army Corps. This marker is included on the East Woods Virtual Tour by Markers see the Virtual tour link below to see the markers in sequence.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. William's (1nd) Division, XII
Three War Department Tablets Flank the 12th Pennslyvania Cavalry Monument image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain
3. Three War Department Tablets Flank the 12th Pennslyvania Cavalry Monument
Corps Markers
 
Also see . . .
1. Antietam Battlefield. National Park Service site. (Submitted on March 4, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. 1st Division, XII Corps. Command of the division passed to Brig. Gen. Samuel Crawford, when Williams replaced the mortally wounded Mansfield. Crawford was later wounded and the other brigade commander, Brig. Gen. George H. Gordon assumed command. (Submitted on March 4, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

3. East Woods Virtual Tour by Markers. A collection of markers interpreting the action of during the Battle of Antietam around the East Woods. (Submitted on March 8, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

4. Alpheus S. Williams. Alpheus Starkey Williams (September 29, 1810 – December 21, 1878) was a lawyer, judge, journalist, U.S. Congressman, and a Union general in the American Civil War. (Submitted on October 26, 2015, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
William's Division, Twelfth Army Corps Marker (Center) image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, September 19, 2015
4. William's Division, Twelfth Army Corps Marker (Center)
Major General Alpheus S. Williams (1810-1878) image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, September 19, 2015
5. Major General Alpheus S. Williams (1810-1878)
The corps commander, Maj. Gen. Joseph K. Mansfield, was killed early at Antietam, and Williams assumed temporary command. The corps suffered 25% casualties in assaulting Jackson, and Brig. Gen. George S. Greene's division was forced to withdraw from its advanced position at the Dunker Church.
Gordon's Brigade image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, February 9, 2008
6. Gordon's Brigade
Looking west from the marker location toward the "dog leg" of Mansfield Avenue. The East Woods stood on the left and front, beyond the road. Gordon's Brigade advanced from the right, through this portion of the woods and faced the eastern end of the cornfield. The brigade relieved Christian's and Hartsuff's Brigades on the line. Crawford's Brigade was on the other side of the woods (over the low rise in the background), and relieved portions of Meade's Division.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on March 4, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 579 times since then and 31 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on March 4, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   2. submitted on October 26, 2015, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.   3. submitted on March 3, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   4, 5. submitted on October 26, 2015, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.   6. submitted on March 4, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
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