Near Boynton in Catoosa County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
First Skirmish at Chickamauga
Chickamauga Campaign Heritage Trail
On September 18, 1863, Brigadier General Bushrod R. Johnson's division had arrived in Ringgold from Mississippi and Lt. Gen. Longstreet's men were beginning to arrive from Virginia. At 5 A.M. Gen. Johnson started toward Leet's with three of his brigades, one of Longstreet's and Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest' cavalry. After they had marched three miles, they received orders to return to Ringgold and proceed toward Reed's Bridge by was of Peeler's Mill.
Col. Robert H.G. Minty's Federal cavalry brigade was at Reed's Bridge. Minty sent 100 scouts toward Leet's and 100 toward Ringgold. About 7 A.M. his scouts returned and reported large Confederate forces moving in from both directions. Col. Minty moved forward with the 4th Michigan, about one-third of the 4th United States Regiment and two guns of his artillery. He would attempt to slow the Confederates while reporting his findings to Gen. Crittenden at Crawfish Springs. The Federals reached the intersection of the Three-Notch-Road and fired on the Confederate column as it advanced through the gap at Ellis' Springs. Dust was seen on the Graysville Road to the north and Col Minty, afraid
Gen. Johnson's column stopped at Peeler's Mill, near the Three Notch Road. Local citizens informed him that the Federals had again advanced to the west of Peavine Creek. Gen. Johnson placed three of this brigades in line of battle and sent forward pickets. Gen. Forrest's cavalry was sent in front to develop the Federal position. Major Robertson arrived from LaFayette with eight pieces of artillery. The Confederate skirmishers crossed the creek and advanced toward the Federal line, located behind a cornfield east of Pine Grove Road. When Maj. Robertson opened fire with six of his eight cannon, the Federals retired to the top of the hill.
The main line of Rebel infantry had trouble crossing the creek. Once across, they reformed and started through the cornfield. After minor resistance, the Federals retreated to Reed's Bridge.
One Confederate commander reported that the only problem they had from Peeler's Mill to Reed's Bridge was that they had to march in line of battle over some very rough and uneven roads, passing through briar thickets with some of the men being bare footed.
Please visit our website at: http://www.ChickamaugaCampaign.org
Erected by Chickamauga Campaign Heritage Trail.
Marker series. Chickamauga Campaign Heritage Trail marker series.
Location. 34° 55.542′ N, 85° 10.369′ W. Marker is near Boynton, Georgia, in Catoosa County. Marker is at the intersection of Boynton Road and Three Notch Road, on the left when traveling west on Boynton Road. Marker is located in the southwest corner of the intersection. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Ringgold GA 30736, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. 86th Illinois Infantry (approx. 2.7 miles away); 125th Illinois Infantry (approx. 2.7 miles away); 2nd Illinois Light Artillery (approx. 2.7 miles away); 85th Illinois Infantry (approx. 2.7 miles away); Old Federal Road (approx. 2.7 miles away); Minty's Cavalry Brigade (approx. 3.2 miles away); Johnson's Provisional Division (approx. 3.2 miles away); Dibrell's Brigade (approx. 3.2 miles away).
More about this marker. The Three Notch Road, Pine Grove Road, and Peavine Creek are all existing features today. Three Notch Road is located here at the marker, the Peavine Creek crossing is about 1/2 mile west, and southern end of Pine Grove Road today is at its intersection with Boynton Road in the community of Boynton, about a mile west of the marker. "Leet's", mentioned in several places, refers to "Leet's Tanyard", located about 7 miles south of this marker. See HMDB marker 13215 for more information.
Also see . . . Chickamauga Campaign Heritage Trail. (Submitted on December 31, 2012, by Lee Hattabaugh of Capshaw, Alabama.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
More. Search the internet for First Skirmish at Chickamauga.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on December 31, 2012, by Lee Hattabaugh of Capshaw, Alabama. This page has been viewed 896 times since then and 118 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on December 31, 2012, by Lee Hattabaugh of Capshaw, Alabama. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.