Madison in Rockingham County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Scales Law Oﬃce
Duty, Courage & Daring
Alfred M. Scales was born on November 26, 1827, in eastern Rockingham County. After attending Caldwell Institute in Greensboro and the University of North Carolina, he read law under Judge William H. Battle, then settled in Madison and opened his practice in this building in 1855. He also was active in politics, serving as U.S. Congressman in 1857-1859. He moved to the county seat, Wentworth, after leaving office.
At the outbreak of the Civil War, Scales raised Company H, 13th North Carolina Infantry, and was elected captain. In October 1861, he was promoted to colonel and commanded the regiment effectively at Yorktown and Williamsburg during the Peninsula Campaign and the Seven Daysí Battles near Richmond, Virginia, in May-June 1862. At the Battle of Fredericksburg in December, his leadership on the Confederate right flank earned him a temporary brigade command. While leading a charge at Chancellorsville in May 1863, he was wounded in the thigh; six weeks later, he was promoted to brigadier general. His commander held up Scales and his unit as “models in duty, courage, and daring.” He led his brigade in a charge at Seminary Ridge at Gettysburg on July 1 and was wounded again in his leg. His command suffered severe casualties from Union artillery fire. Scales recovered from his wounds in time to lead his brigade
Afterward, Scales resumed his law practice in Wentworth, then in 1873 moved to Greensboro and became a banker as well. He occupied his old seat in the U.S. House of Representatives, 1875 – 1884, served as governor of North Carolina, 1884 – 1889, and died in Greensboro on February 9, 1892. His law office was moved here in 1980 and restored soon thereafter.
Erected by North Carolina Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the North Carolina Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 36° 23.115′ N, 79° 57.707′ W. Marker is in Madison, North Carolina, in Rockingham County. Marker is at the intersection of W Academy Street (State Highway 704) and S Franklin Street, on the right when traveling east on W Academy Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Madison NC 27025, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 11 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Law Office of Alfred Moore Scales (a few steps from this marker); Slink Shoal Sluice (approx. 1.2 miles away); Confederate Arms Factory Alexander Martin (approx. 3.8 miles away); Stephen A. Douglas (approx. 6 miles away); Upper Saura Town (approx. 8.5 miles away); Wentworth Methodist Church (approx. 10.3 miles away); a different marker also named Wentworth Methodist Church (approx. 10.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Madison.
More about this marker. The center of the marker contains a portrait of Alfred Moore Scales (1827-1892) - Courtesy North Carolina Office of Archives and History.
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on February 3, 2013, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 265 times since then and 23 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on February 3, 2013, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.