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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Nancy in Pulaski County, Kentucky — The American South (East South Central)
 

“Battle on a Sabbath Morn”

The Battle - 8:00 until 9:00 A.M.

 
 
"Battle on a Sabbath Morn" Marker image. Click for full size.
By David Graff, April 26, 2012
1. "Battle on a Sabbath Morn" Marker
Inscription. You are standing in the center of the area where most of the Mill Springs Battle took place on Sunday morning, January 19, 1862. This illustration depicts the scene from a birds eye viewpoint above and behind you. The Union line stood to your left, partly protected by a rail fence at the edge of a woodlot (now a part of the field). The Confederate line was in the wooded ravine to your right.

Charging from the ravine, the Confederates launched repeated attacks on the Union line only to be driven back after desperate hand to hand fighting. The battle line extended across the road to your left, but fighting there was less intense until the final charge of the 9th Ohio. This charge broke the Confederate line and caused the Southern forces to retreat from the field.

For most of the soldiers here, this was their first battle experience; they carried away vivid impressions that lasted a lifetime. Their eyewitness accounts help us visualize the battle and its aftermath.

"The reports of the muskets and rifles now commingled into one sound like the terrible roar of winds of a mighty storm, interrupted only by the louder sound of artillery." - Eastham Tarrant, 1st Kentucky Cavalry U.S.

"Our entire line, putting their guns through the cracks of the fence, fired into them with ball and buckshot, and the scene that followed
"Battle on a Sabbath Morn" Drawing image. Click for full size.
By David Graff, April 26, 2012
2. "Battle on a Sabbath Morn" Drawing
Detail: Birds-eye view showing Confederate charges as related to the location of this marker.
defied description." - Lieutenant James Binford, 13th Mississippi Infantry

We were so close on them that one man had his beard and whiskers singed by the fire of one of the muskets; Another caught hold of one of their muskets and jerked it through the fence." - Horatio Van Cleve, Colonel 2nd Minnesota Infantry

The rain was falling in torrents and our flintlock muskets were in bad condition, not one in three would fire ... Mine went off once in the action, and although I wiped the pan and primed a dozen times it would do so no more." - James Cooper, 20th Tennessee Infantry


About the wounded ...

"The (Confederate) wounded left on the field exhibited various dispositions ... Some spoke pitifully, and were thankful for any kind word spoken or any favors shown them while others were more morose, stubborn and independent." - Eastham Tarrant, 1st Kentucky Cavalry U.S.

... and the dead

"There were delicate forms whose beardless faces showed tender years. Some had the horrible frowns of war still upon their features. others lay in calm repose as if they were dreaming of loved ones at home." - Eastham Tarrant, 1st Kentucky Cavalry U.S.
 
Erected 1997 by Mill Springs Battlefield Association.
 
Location. 37° 3.4′ N, 84° 
Confederate View during Charges image. Click for full size.
By David Graff, April 26, 2012
3. Confederate View during Charges
The Confederates repeatedly charged uphill toward the Union line at the rail fence on the horizon. The marker is at the post and rail fence in front of the large tree at the right.
44.392′ W. Marker is near Nancy, Kentucky, in Pulaski County. Marker can be reached from State Road 235 0.1 miles south of State Route 761, on the left when traveling south. Touch for map. This is Station #4 on the Battlefield Loop Trail at Tour Stop 2 - Zollicoffer Park. Refer to trail map photo. Marker is in this post office area: Nancy KY 42544, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Union Line at the Fence (here, next to this marker); Fix Bayonets - Charge! (within shouting distance of this marker); George Henry Thomas (within shouting distance of this marker); "The Zollie Tree" (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Felix K. Zollicoffer, "Zollie Tree" (about 400 feet away); Mistaken Identity - A Deadly Error (about 400 feet away); Gen'l Felix K. Zollicoffer (about 400 feet away); Balie Peyton, Jr. (1833-1862) (about 500 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Nancy.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Marker and View toward the Ravine image. Click for full size.
By David Graff, April 26, 2012
4. Marker and View toward the Ravine
The Confederates charged from a deep ravine hidden in the trees.
"Battle on a Sabbath Morn" Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, April 1, 2012
5. "Battle on a Sabbath Morn" Marker
Battlefield Loop Trail Map image. Click for full size.
By David Graff, April 26, 2012
6. Battlefield Loop Trail Map
This marker is 4 - Battle on Sabbath Morn
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on February 4, 2013, by David Graff of Halifax, Nova Scotia. This page has been viewed 373 times since then and 56 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on February 4, 2013, by David Graff of Halifax, Nova Scotia.   5. submitted on September 16, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee.   6. submitted on February 4, 2013, by David Graff of Halifax, Nova Scotia. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
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