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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
near Wilson in Wilson County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Gen. W. D. Pender

 
 
Gen. W. D. Pender Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, April 18, 2013
1. Gen. W. D. Pender Marker
Inscription.
Confederate Major-
General. Mortally
wounded at Gettysburg.
His birthplace
stood 1.4 miles north.

 
Erected 1959 by Archives and Highway Departments. (Marker Number F-34.)
 
Location. 35° 44.881′ N, 77° 46.268′ W. Marker is in near Wilson, North Carolina, in Wilson County. Marker is at the intersection of State Highway 42 and Town Creek Road, on the right when traveling west on State Highway 42. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Elm City NC 27822, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 8 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Toisnot Church (approx. 4.7 miles away); Military Hospital (approx. 7.7 miles away); Owen L. W. Smith (approx. 7.8 miles away); R.D.W. Connor (approx. 7.9 miles away); First ABC Store (approx. 7.9 miles away); P.D. Gold (approx. 7.9 miles away); Wilson County Civil War Memorial (approx. 8 miles away); Combat Wounded Veterans (approx. 8 miles away).
 
Regarding Gen. W. D. Pender. William Dorsey Pender, Confederate major general, was born in Edgecombe County (present Wilson County) on February 6, 1834, the son of James and Sarah Routh Pender. Dorsey Pender,
Gen. W. D. Pender image. Click for full size.
North Carolina Office of Archives & History, `
2. Gen. W. D. Pender
as he was commonly called, graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point in 1854 in the same class as future Confederate generals J.E.B. Stuart and Stephen D. Lee, as well as Union general Oliver O. Howard.

From 1856 to 1860, Dorsey saw active service on the frontier in New Mexico, California, Oregon, and
Washington as a member of the 1st U.S. Artillery and the 1st U.S. Dragoons. In March 1859 he married Mary Frances Shepherd and had three sons: Samuel Turner, William D., and Stephen Lee. In 1860, he was appointed adjutant of the 1st U.S. Dragoons stationed in San Francisco. At the outbreak of the Civil War, Pender resigned his commission, choosing to fight for his native state. Appointed an artillery captain by the Confederate government, he was sent to Baltimore as a recruiting officer.

In May 1861, Pender returned to North Carolina and instructed new regiments forming at Raleigh and
Garysburg. He was elected colonel of the 3rd North Carolina Volunteers (13th N.C. Troops), and then transferred as commander of the 6th North Carolina Troops. In combat at Seven Pines, during the Seven
Days Battles, Pender performed so valiantly that he received a promotion to brigadier general. Pender
commanded the brigade throughout the Peninsular Campaign and was wounded at Malvern Hill. Returning to duty, he was wounded again at Second Manassas,
Gen. W. D. Pender Marker, looking east along NC Route 42 image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, April 18, 2013
3. Gen. W. D. Pender Marker, looking east along NC Route 42
but continued on through the Maryland Campaign, Fredericksburg where he was wounded a third time, and Chancellorsville.

At Chancellorsville, Pender took command of A. P. Hill’s division when Hill was wounded. Following the death of Stonewall Jackson Hill was promoted to command of the Army of Northern Virginia’s Third Corps, and Pender received promotion to major general in command of Hill’s division. Lee wrote of the 29-year-old: “Pender is an excellent officer, attentive, industrious and brave; has been conspicuous in every battle, and, I believe, wounded in almost all of them.”

Two months after Chancellorsville, Pender led the division in Lee’s invasion of Pennsylvania. On July
2, 1863, Pender was struck by a piece of artillery shell while leading his division in an assault on Cemetery Hill at the Battle of Gettysburg. He was evacuated to Staunton, Virginia, where he underwent a
botched amputation of his leg. The procedure ruptured an artery, and he bled to death on July 18, 1863. His body was returned to North Carolina, and he was buried in Calvary Churchyard in Tarboro. After his death, Lee remarked, “His promise and usefulness as an officer were only equaled by the purity of excellence in his private life.”

Pender County is named for W. D. Pender. In World War II, the U.S. Navy commissioned a Liberty Ship,
Gen. W. D. Pender Marker at the intersection of North Carolina Route 42 and Town Creek Road image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, April 18, 2013
4. Gen. W. D. Pender Marker at the intersection of North Carolina Route 42 and Town Creek Road
the SS William D. Pender, in his honor. (North Carolina Office of Archives & History — Department of Cultural Resources)
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on April 24, 2013, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 319 times since then and 16 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on April 26, 2013, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.
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