La Porte in Harris County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
San Jacinto Monument
San Jacinto Battleﬁeld
In June, 1832, the colonists forced the Mexican authorities at Anahuac to release Wm. B. Travis and others from unjust imprisonment. The Battle of Velasco, June 26, and the Battle of Nacogdoches, August 2, followed; in both the Texans were victorious. Stephen Fuller Austin, "Father of Texas," was arrested January 3, 1834, and held in Mexico without trial until July, 1835. The Texans formed an army, and on November 12, 1835, established a provisional government.
The first shot of the Revolution of 1835-36 was fired by the Texans at Gonzales, October 2, 1835, in resistance to a demand by Mexican soldiers for a small cannon held by the colonists. The Mexican garrison at Goliad fell October 9; the Battle of Concepcion was won by the Texans, October 28. San Antonio was captured December 10, 1835 after five days of fighting in which the indomitable Benjamin R. Milam died a hero, and the Mexican Army evacuated Texas.
On this field on April 21, 1836 the Army of Texas commanded by General Sam Houston, and accompanied by the Secretary of War, Thomas J. Rusk, attacked the larger invading army of Mexicans under General Santa Anna. The battle line from left to right was formed by Sidney Sherman's regiment, Edward Burleson's regiment, the artillery commanded by George W. Hockley, Henry Millard's infantry and the cavalry under Mirabeau B. Lamar. Sam Houston led the infantry charge.
With the battle cry, "Remember the Alamo! Remember Goliad!" the Texans charged. The enemy taken by surprise, rallied for a few minutes then fled in disorder. The Texans had asked no quarter and gave none. The slaughter was appalling, victory complete, and Texas free! On the following day General Antonio Lopez De Santa Anna, self-styled "Napoleon of the West," received from a generous foe the mercy he had denied Travis at the Alamo and Fannin at Goliad.
Measured by its results, San Jacinto was one of the decisive battles of the world. The freedom of Texas from Mexico won here led to annexation and to the Mexican-American War, resulting in the acquisition by the United States of the states of Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, California, Utah and parts of Colorado, Wyoming, Kansas and Oklahoma. Almost one-third of the present area of the American Nation, nearly a million square miles of territory, changed sovereignty.
Erected 1939 by State of Texas.
Marker series. This marker is included in the National Historic Landmarks marker series.
Location. 29° 44.994′ N, 95° 4.848′ W. Marker is in La Porte, Texas, in Harris County. Marker is on One Monument Circle. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: La Porte TX 77571, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. Sherman's Advance (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Houston Wounded (approx. 0.2 miles away); Mexican Breastworks (approx. ¼ mile away); Mexican Cannon (approx. ¼ mile away); Mexican Position (approx. ¼ mile away); Santa Anna's Camp (approx. 0.3 miles away); a different marker also named Mexican Breastworks (approx. 0.3 miles away); Cavalry Skirmish (approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in La Porte.
Regarding San Jacinto Monument. The monument is a 570 foot high column dedicated to the Texas War for Independence from Mexico. It is the world's tallest masonry tower (taller than the Washington Monument) and is constructed of Texas Limestone. At the top, there is a 34-foot Lone Star, an example of Art Deco architecture, certainly the largest in the United States.
Also see . . .
1. Story of the San Jacinto Monument. "In future time, then may the pilgrim's eye see here an obelisk point toward the sky...."— Anonymous poet (Submitted on March 28, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
2. Wikipedia San Jacinto Monument Entry. (Submitted on March 28, 2008, by R. C. of Shrewsbury, New Jersey.)
3. 2009 Roger Moore on San Jacinto Archeology and Q&A session. Video published by San Jacinto Battleground Conservancy (Submitted on November 3, 2014, by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas.)
Categories. • War, Texas Independence •
Credits. This page was last revised on November 13, 2018. This page originally submitted on March 28, 2008, by R. C. of Shrewsbury, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 7,092 times since then and 121 times this year. This page was the Marker of the Week April 21, 2013. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15. submitted on March 28, 2008, by R. C. of Shrewsbury, New Jersey. 16. submitted on October 7, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. 17, 18. submitted on November 3, 2014, by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas. 19. submitted on October 23, 2015, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.