Wye Mills in Talbot County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
A Brief History of the Mill
The Mill and the village that grew up around it were established soon after the 1665 patent of a large parcel of land, called Wilton, by Thomas Williams. Wilton, with a subsequent land patent called Wilton Annex, totaled 1,350 acres, and included most of the land around present-day Wye Mills. The first of the grist mills on this site was built around 1668. In 1682 a mill was built by Edward Barrowcliff, on the site of the present mill. Barrowcliff operated the mill from about 1683 to 1693, and then sold it to Richard Sweatnam, a carpenter and miller who built Talbot County's first courthouse at York in 1682. Sweatnam operated the mill until he died in 1697. His son William operated the mill until 1703. By 1706, the site included a saw mill, which operated
The mill passed through a succession of owners over the ensuing years, and included some prominent names from Maryland history. Richard Bennett III, who took ownership of the mill in 1706, was one of the richest men in Maryland (some said in all of North America!). Edward Lloyd III and Edward Lloyd IV, of the prestigious Lloyd family, succeeded Bennett as owners. In 1778 the mill was acquired by William Hemsley. In 1779 Hemsley contracted with Congress to provide wheat, flour and bread to the American Army under George Washington.
In 1790, Oliver Evans, a creative and prolific local inventor, used the Wye Grist Mill to formulate his revolutionary automation ideas, significantly improving the milling process.
The mill continued as a commercial endeavor until 1953, when it was purchased by the State of Maryland. The Mill is now owned and operated by the Friends of Wye Mill, a non-profit volunteer organization.
Telephone: 410-827-3850 www.oldwyemill.org
Erected by Friends of Wye Mill.
Location. 38° 56.5′ N, 76° 4.875′ W. Marker is in Wye Mills, Maryland, in Talbot County. Marker is on Wye Mills Road (County Route 662). Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Wye Mills MD 21679, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. So, How Does a Mill Work? (here, next to this marker); Wye Grist Mill (here, next to this marker); Wye Grist Mill and Museum (within shouting distance of this marker); Wye Oak House (approx. 0.2 miles away); Wye Oak * National Champion White Oak (approx. 0.2 miles away); Old Wye Episcopal Church (approx. 0.4 miles away); Chesapeake College (approx. one mile away); “Cheston on Wye” (approx. 2.7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Wye Mills.
Categories. • Colonial Era • Industry & Commerce • Settlements & Settlers • War, US Revolutionary •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 4, 2013, by Nate Davidson of Salisbury, Maryland. This page has been viewed 270 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on August 4, 2013, by Nate Davidson of Salisbury, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.