Lucerne in Lucerne (District), Switzerland
The Lion Monument
—Le Monument du Lion —
The inscription “Helvetiorum fidei ac virtute” mean “To the loyalty and bravery of the Swiss”.
It is important to know that, in addition to agriculture and town-crafts, the mercenaries’ service was an important and gainful trade at the time of the Ancient Confederation. At the beginning of the French Revolution, in 1789, about 40, 000 Swiss were serving under foreign banners.
Bertel Thorvaldsen ( 1770-1844, the classicist Danish sculptor, designed the Lion Monument when he was in Rome, in 1819. Lucas Ahorn, stone-mason of Constance (1789-1856), carved it out of the sandstone rock in 1820/1821. The sculpture is six meters long.
The Lion Monument was projected because of Captain Carl Pfysffer von Altishofen. He was in Lucerne during the invasion of the Tuileries and he wished to have a memorial for his dead comrades.
The Lion Monument was inaugurated on August 10, 1821, and the Town of Lucerne bought it in 1882.
Location. 47° 3.481′ Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: Denkmalstrasse 10, Lucerne 6006, Switzerland.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Spiegellabyrinth «Alhambra» (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); The Inner "Weggis" Gate (approx. 0.6 kilometers away); Teiling Alley (approx. 0.6 kilometers away); "Star Square" (approx. 0.6 kilometers away); The von Silenen Home (approx. 0.6 kilometers away); Johann Baptist Marzohl (approx. 0.7 kilometers away); "At the White Cross" Inn (approx. 0.7 kilometers away); Balthasar House (approx. 0.7 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Lucerne.
Regarding The Lion Monument. Of the 950 Swiss Guards at the Tuileries about 600 were killed in the fighting, or when attempting to surrender, by the attackers who were infuriated at their action in firing on the crowd. About 60 were escorted as prisoners to the Hôtel de Ville but were massacred there. Others died in prison of their wounds or were killed during the September Massacres that followed. In all only about 100 Swiss are believed to have survived. The gentlemen at arms, who numbered only about 200, were inconspicuous in civilian clothing and were
Also see . . .
1. Lion Monument. The Lion Monument, or the Lion of Lucerne, is a sculpture in Lucerne, Switzerland, designed by Bertel Thorvaldsen and hewn in 1820–21 by Lukas Ahorn. It commemorates the Swiss Guards who were massacred in 1792 during the French Revolution, when revolutionaries stormed the Tuileries Palace in Paris. (Submitted on August 5, 2013, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.)
2. Löwendenkmal. Luzern Tourismus presents a 3-page German-language history of the monument. (Submitted on September 24, 2013.)
Categories. • Arts, Letters, Music •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 5, 2013, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 628 times since then and 23 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on August 5, 2013, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. 5. submitted on August 20, 2013. 6. submitted on August 5, 2013, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.