Niles in Berrien County, Michigan — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
Parrott Civil War Cannon
Riverfront Park Historical Trail
Unfortunately, less than half remain of all the cannons that were originally dedicated as veterans' memorials. It's estimated that only 5,467 of these cannons survived the "scrap-metal" drives of World Wars I and II. Therefore, the historical value of the cannon and the special significance of the memorial in Niles is multiplied.
Niles's cannon is a Model 1861 6.4-inch (100 pounder) Army Parrott Rifle. The gun was invented by Robert Parker Parrott, who graduated third in the West Point Class of 1820. It was cast at the West Point Foundry in New York on June 1, 1863
Frank Graves G.A.R. Post 64 in Niles petitioned the U.S. Ordnance Department and was granted donation of the cannon for their veterans' memorial. It arrived in Niles on May 13, 1897 from the Rock Island Arsenal in Illinois along with 20, 10 inch shells from the Allegheny Arsenal in Pennsylvania. Record of the donation appears in the 1899 Annual Report of the US War Department's Chief of Ordnance (Letter ID #20589). As the successor organization of the G.A.R., the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War (SUVCW) is proud to maintain their traditions.
A committee of Niles citizens received approval to establish a regiment rendezvous point and training camp at the Niles Civil War era village fairgrounds site, the approximate
Recruitment for the Michigan 12th took place during the fall and winter of 1861-1862, consisting of 10 companies of 100 men each. The original companies comprised enlistees coming from individual towns. For company A–Cassopolis; B–St. Joseph; C–Buchanan; D–Albion; E,F and K–Niles; G–Lansing; H–Lawton; and I–Berrien Springs.
On March 18, 1862 after rudimentary training was complete, the 12th Michigan marched across town to the Michigan Central Railroad station and set off by train for St. Louis, Missouri. After engaging in numerous battles the 12th was mustered out of service February 15, 1866 at Camden Arkansas.
Location. 41° 49.807′ N, 86° 15.584′ W. Marker is in Niles, Michigan, in Berrien County. Marker can be reached from W. Main Street (State Highway 139) 0.1 miles west of Front Street, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is located in Riverfront Park just north of the Main Street bridge. Marker is in this post office area: Niles MI 49120, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. Niles Veterans Memorial (a few steps from this marker); John B. Reddick Building (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); PA-WA-TING (approx. 0.2 miles away); Wesley United Methodist Church (approx. 0.2 miles away); Four Flags Hotel (approx. ¼ mile away); Trinity Church (approx. 0.3 miles away); The Chapin House / Henry Austin Chapin (approx. 0.3 miles away); U.S.S. Maine Memorial (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Niles.
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 19, 2013, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. This page has been viewed 735 times since then and 41 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on August 19, 2013, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas.