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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Croom in Prince George's County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Mount Calvert, Early Town

 
 
Mount Calvert, Early Town Marker image. Click for full size.
By F. Robby, August 19, 2013
1. Mount Calvert, Early Town Marker
Inscription. Colonial Settlement
It is hard to imagine, but Mount Calvert was once a busy port town of a frontier community. After the Colony of Maryland was created in 1634, colonists began seeking land grants along the Upper Patuxent River. In 1658 Phillip Calvert was granted Mount Calvert, a 1,000-acre manor. As plantations flourished, the Maryland General Assembly created dozens of towns to encourage settlement and establish official ports of entry.

The Rise and Fall of a Town
The town at Mount Calvert was established by the 1684 Act for the Advancement of Trade, Mount Calvert became the county seat when Prince George's County was created in 1696 and was renamed Charles Town. By 1710, an Anglican Church, courthouse and jail had been built. At the riverfront wharves, ships brought goods from Europe in exchange for tobacco. Ordinaries (taverns) provided food, drink and lodging to planters and merchants.

In 1721, the county seat was moved to Upper Marlboro. Charles Town gradually disappeared and Mount Calvert became a ferry landing.
 
Location. 38° 47.077′ N, 76° 42.989′ W. Marker is in Croom, Maryland, in Prince George's County. Marker is on Mount Calvert Road 0.3 miles east of McClure Road, on the right. Touch for map
Mount Calvert, Early Town Marker image. Click for full size.
By F. Robby, August 19, 2013
2. Mount Calvert, Early Town Marker
. Marker is in the Mount Calvert Historical and Archaeological Park. Marker is in this post office area: Upper Marlboro MD 20772, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Woodland Indians (here, next to this marker); African-Americans at Mount Calvert (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Mount Calvert Manor (about 300 feet away); Chesapeake Beach Railway (about 400 feet away); The War of 1812 and the Chesapeake Flotilla (about 400 feet away); Explosive Scene (about 400 feet away); Mount Calvert Historical and Archaeological Park (about 400 feet away); First Americans at Mount Calvert (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Croom.
 
Categories. Colonial EraSettlements & Settlers
 
1697 Courthouse at Moore's Lodge image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, December 26, 2014
3. 1697 Courthouse at Moore's Lodge
Charles County, Maryland
Close-up of image on marker
Rhetoricians at a Window<br>By Jan Steen image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, December 26, 2014
4. Rhetoricians at a Window
By Jan Steen
Objects depicted in this 1660s Dutch painting by Jan Steen entitled Rhetoricians at as Window were recovered by archaeologists at Mount Calvert
Close-up of painting on marker
English and German earthenware and stoneware<br>1600 and 1700s image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, December 26, 2014
5. English and German earthenware and stoneware
1600 and 1700s
Close-up of photo on marker
English Clay Pipe<br>1700s image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, December 26, 2014
6. English Clay Pipe
1700s
Close-up of photo on marker
Wine Glass<br>Base and Stem<br>Late 1600s image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, December 26, 2014
7. Wine Glass
Base and Stem
Late 1600s
Close-up of photo on marker
Plat of church and Courthouse Lots<br>at Mt. Calvert image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, December 26, 2014
8. Plat of church and Courthouse Lots
at Mt. Calvert
close-up of image on marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 1, 2013, by F. Robby of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 336 times since then and 45 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on September 1, 2013, by F. Robby of Baltimore, Maryland.   3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on February 7, 2015, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.
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