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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Croom in Prince George's County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Woodland Indians

 
 
Woodland Indians Marker image. Click for full size.
By F. Robby, August 19, 2013
1. Woodland Indians Marker
Inscription. Woodland Indians on the Patuxent
American Indians established rear-round settlements along the Patuxent River 3,000 years ago during the Woodland Period (1000 BC-1600 AD). At first, their villages were small and scattered. Over time, large fortified settlements emerged. Each was largely self-sufficient, but linked to the others through marriage and politics. Two village sites near Mount Calvert are shown on Captain John Smith's map of his 1608 explorations of the Chesapeake Bay region.

New Ways of Life
The Woodland Period was an era of change for American Indians. Farming replaced hunting and gathering as the main source of food; Indian villagers cultivated beans, corn and other crops. new technologies such as pottery and the bow and arrow were developed.

Traces of the Past
Here at Mount Calvert archaeologists have unearthed thousands of artifacts including stone tools, animal bones, smoking pipes and pottery. These artifacts bear witness to the Woodland Indian way of life which flourished here from 1000 BC to the 1600s when European settlers arrived.
 
Location. 38° 47.076′ N, 76° 42.99′ W. Marker is in Croom, Maryland, in Prince George's County. Marker is on Mount Calvert Road 0.3 miles east of
Woodland Indians Marker image. Click for full size.
By F. Robby, August 19, 2013
2. Woodland Indians Marker
This marker is on the right. The Patuxent River is just visible in the distance.
McClure Road, on the right. Touch for map. Marker is in the Mount Calvert Historical and Archaeological Park. Marker is in this post office area: Upper Marlboro MD 20772, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Mount Calvert, Early Town (here, next to this marker); African-Americans at Mount Calvert (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Mount Calvert Manor (about 300 feet away); Chesapeake Beach Railway (about 400 feet away); The War of 1812 and the Chesapeake Flotilla (about 400 feet away); Explosive Scene (about 400 feet away); Mount Calvert Historical and Archaeological Park (about 400 feet away); First Americans at Mount Calvert (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Croom.
 
Categories. Native AmericansSettlements & Settlers
 
Fortified Woodland Period village<br>1590 engraving by Theodor de Bry. image. Click for full size.
3. Fortified Woodland Period village
1590 engraving by Theodor de Bry.
Close-up of image on marker
American Indian villages along the Patuxent River noted by John Smith 1608 image. Click for full size.
4. American Indian villages along the Patuxent River noted by John Smith 1608
Close-up of map on marker
Woodland Period Village image. Click for full size.
5. Woodland Period Village
Town of Secotan by Theodor de Bry, c. 1590
Close-up of image on marker
Pipe Bowl image. Click for full size.
6. Pipe Bowl
Woodland Period (1000-1600) artifacts recovered at Mount Calvert
Close-up of image on marker
Shell Beads image. Click for full size.
7. Shell Beads
Woodland Period (1000-1600) artifacts recovered at Mount Calvert
Close-up of image on marker
Spear points (top row) <br>and arrow heads (bottom row) image. Click for full size.
8. Spear points (top row)
and arrow heads (bottom row)
Woodland Period (1000-1600) artifacts recovered at Mount Calvert
Close-up of image on marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 1, 2013, by F. Robby of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 369 times since then and 33 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on September 1, 2013, by F. Robby of Baltimore, Maryland.   3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on March 2, 2015, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.
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