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Beaufort in Beaufort County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

1st SC Infantry Of African Descent

 
 
1st SC Infantry Of African Descent Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, March 2008
1. 1st SC Infantry Of African Descent Marker
Inscription. The 1st South Carolina Volunteer Infantry Regiment was raised from sea island slaves living around Port Royal. Elements of the regiment were formed on Hilton Head in May 1862. In August 1862, the regiment was reorganized near Beaufort at the Smith plantation. It was commanded by the noted abolitionist Thomas W. Higginson who led the regiment on raids along the Georgia coast. On Jan. 1, 1863, the regiment was formaly mustered into the United States Army. The regiment saw extensive service on the South Carolina, Georgia and Florida Coasts. On Feb. 8, 1864, the regiment was redesignated as the 33rd Infantry Regiment of the United States Colored Troops. The Regiment assisted in the occupation of Charleston, Savannah, Augusta and other points until it was mustered out Jan. 31, 1866.
 
Erected by Historic Beaufort Foundation South Carolina.
 
Location. 32° 26.379′ N, 80° 40.735′ W. Marker is in Beaufort, South Carolina, in Beaufort County. Marker is on Boundary Street (U.S. 21), on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Located near the entrance to Beaufort National Cemetery. Marker is in this post office area: Beaufort SC 29902, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of
1st SC Infantry Of African Descent Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, March 2008
2. 1st SC Infantry Of African Descent Marker
this marker. Gettysburg Address ( about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Re-interred 19 African-American Civil War Volunteers ( approx. 0.2 miles away); Beaufort ( approx. 0.4 miles away); Beaufort Historic District ( approx. 0.4 miles away); St. Helena's Church ( approx. 0.4 miles away); St. Helena's Episcopal Church ( approx. half a mile away); Site of the Old Baptist Meeting House ( approx. half a mile away); The Baptist Church of Beaufort ( approx. half a mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Beaufort.
 
Also see . . .
1. 1st South Carolina Volunteers (Union), Wikipedia entry. It was composed of escaped slaves from South Carolina and Florida. (Submitted on March 21, 2008, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.) 

2. Union Regimental Histories. Organized at Beaufort, S.C (Submitted on March 21, 2008, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.) 

3. Thomas Wentworth Higginson...Commander. (Submitted on March 21, 2008, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.)
4. Wikipedia Entry for the United States Colored Troops. The USCT were the forerunners of the famous Buffalo Soldiers. (Submitted on April 15, 2008, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.) 

5. 1st and 2nd SC Infantry's raid on Jacksonville, Florida. Part of the New York Times Disunion Series, Ethan Kytle's article (3/6/2013)
W.N.Reed image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, March 2008
3. W.N.Reed
Lt. Col.
U.S.C.T.
tells the story of the 1st and 2nd SC Infantry's raid on Jacksonville, Florida, with it's intent to set up an anti-slavery refuge. On the aftereffects: "The First and Second South Carolina Volunteers would liberate almost 1,000 slaves later that summer on other excursions, but they never managed to establish a permanent mainland outpost for their war against slavery. Nevertheless, the Jacksonville campaign bore fruit out of failure. Its early success helped to convert white Union soldiers, and white Northerners more generally, to acceptance of the enlistment of African-Americans into the Union Army. The raid also provided bait for black recruiters, who pointed to the mission as evidence that African-American soldiers would, indeed, be given the opportunity to fight." (Submitted on March 8, 2013.) 
 
Categories. African AmericansMilitaryWar, US Civil
 
C.J. Norcross image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, March 2008
4. C.J. Norcross
Asst. Surg.
U.S.C.T.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on January 27, 2017. This page originally submitted on March 21, 2008, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 1,848 times since then and 79 times this year. Last updated on April 14, 2008, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on March 21, 2008, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.   3, 4. submitted on April 15, 2008, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page.
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