Wheeling in Ohio County, West Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
With the outbreak of the Civil War, the U.S. government took over the lower two floors and detained Confederate sympathizers and prisoners of war until they could be transferred to Camp Chase in Columbus. It became known as "Lincoln's Bastille." Several prisoners escaped during the years that followed.
In September 1863, the entire building was converted to a prison. A hospital, bake house, fuel house, and exercise yard surrounded by a twenty-foot wall were constructed on the property. Thereafter, many Union soldiers convicted by courts-martial were incarcerated there. The prison hospital became overcrowded, and in March 1864, the patient were transferred to Wheeling
On October 10, 1868, the structure burned completely in Wheeling's largest fire. As a result the city organized its first fire department.
Erected by West Virginia Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the West Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 40° 3.826′ N, 80° 43.312′ W. Marker is in Wheeling, West Virginia, in Ohio County. Marker is at the intersection of 16th Street (West Virginia Route 2) and Market Street, on the right when traveling east on 16th Street. Touch for map. Across the street from West Virginia Independence Hall on the campus of West Virginia Northern Community College. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1704 Market Street, Wheeling WV 26003, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. B & O Railroad (here, next to this marker); Baltimore and Ohio Passenger Station (here, next to this marker); Old Custom House (a few steps from this marker); The First Campaign (within shouting Independence Hall (within shouting distance of this marker); First State Capitol (about 700 feet away, measured in a direct line); Lewis and Clark (approx. 0.2 miles away); Walter Reuther (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Wheeling.
Also see . . . Wheeling's Athenaeum 1854-1868. West Virginia Historical Society Quarterly, Volume XVII, Number 2 April, 2003. (Submitted on January 1, 2014, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on January 1, 2014, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. This page has been viewed 346 times since then and 44 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on January 1, 2014, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.