Freehold in Monmouth County, New Jersey — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Battle of Monmouth Monument
Location. 40° 15.812′ N, 74° 16.667′ W. Marker is in Freehold, New Jersey, in Monmouth County. Marker is at the intersection of Monument Street and Court Street and Schanck Street on Monument Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Freehold NJ 07728, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Monmouth Battle Monument (within shouting distance of this marker); Abraham Lincoln (within shouting distance of this marker); Revolutionary Ancestors of Monmouth Court House (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Corp. James A. Gere (approx. 0.3 miles away); Historic St. Peter’s Episcopal Church (approx. 0.3 miles away); Monmouth Court House Site (approx. 0.3 miles away); Columbia Triumphant Park and Statue (approx. 0.3 miles away); St. Peter’s Church (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Freehold.
More about this monument. This monument, directly in front of the Monmouth County Courthouse, is over 90 feet high and one of the highest monuments in New Jersey. It was dedicated on Nov. 13, 1884, and rededicated on Nov. 17, 1984.
There are five bronze relief tablets on the circular "base" of the monument. They deptict: 1) Ramsay Defending His Guns, a battle scene showing Lt. Col. Ramsay lunging forward with his sword at a British soldier on a fallen horse, who bows backward with sword upraised; cannon and men behind; 2) Washington Rallying The Troops, a scene of the General, in profile, riding a galloping horse with raised sword, facing a soldier holding a hat; 3) Molly Pitcher, shown in profile, loading a cannon with a plunger, as a gunner and a soldier stand nearby; 4) Council of War at Hopewell, including Lord Sterling, Knox, Scammell, Patterson, Steuben, Poor, Scott, Wayne, Greene, Woodford and Lee, gathering around a table as General Lafayette stands, pointing with proper right hand to a map spread out on a table and gesturing towards General Washington; 5) Wayne's Charge, an American Army Lt. Colonel on horseback in profile, shown with an American soldier and British soldier fighting with rifles before him.
The designs and specifications for the memorial were secured from Emlin T. Littell and Douglas Smythe, architects, and James Edward Kelly, sculptor, who designed and modeled the five historical bas-reliefs. The sculpture cost approximately $40,000 and commemorates the Battle of Monmouth, which took place June 28, 1778 near what is now Freehold, New Jersey. Funds for the sculpture were raised by the Monmouth Battle Monument Association. Citizens of Monmouth, the State of New Jersey, and those who had ancestors who fought in the battle contributed $10,000. The state legislature added $10,000 to this amount and Congress contributed a final $20,000. The construction contract was awarded to Maurice J. Power for the sum of $36,000. Heirs of the late Daniel S. Schanck gave the plot of ground on which the sculpture was installed.
The cornerstone for the sculpture was laid on the centennial of the Battle of Monmouth. The completed sculpture was dedicated six years later on the 100th anniversary of the founding of the town of Freehold, November 13, 1884.
The original figure that topped the column, known as Liberty Triumphant or Columbia Triumphant, was provided by Frederick and Field of Quincy, Massachusetts, carver unknown. In August 1894, the figure was shattered by lightning. A replacement figure from Badger Brothers, also of Quincy, was mounted atop the column in May 1896.
According to legend, the sculptor used a then young Thomas Edison as a model for a gunner in the Molly Pitcher relief panel.
The column is topped by a cornice decorated with flying eagles; and the column base is decorated with bronze coats-of-arms of the 13 original colonies, with laurel leaves strung between them. The entire memorial sits atop a tripod-shaped flared base.
Also see . . . Freehold's Great Day, the memorial of the Battle of Monmouth. (Submitted on April 16, 2008, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.)
Categories. • Military • War, US Revolutionary •
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Credits. This page was last revised on July 2, 2016. This page originally submitted on April 15, 2008, by R. C. of Shrewsbury, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 3,370 times since then and 230 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14. submitted on April 15, 2008, by R. C. of Shrewsbury, New Jersey. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page.