Derry-Londonderry in County Londonderry, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom
30 January 1972
On 30 January 1972, a massive British military operation in Derry's Bogside ended in the murder of thirteen unarmed civil rights demonstrators and the wounding of fifteen others - one of whom died later of his injuries on 16 June 1972.
The British army labelled the victims gunmen and bombers. They claimed their soldiers had met a "fusillade of fire". No soldier or vehicle was hit.
Derry Coroner Hubert O'Neill later declared the killings "sheer unadulterated murder". The hundreds of civilian eyewitnesses agreed.
On 1 February, a public inquiry headed by Lord Chief Justice Widgery was announced by the British Government. Widgery refused to take evidence from the vast majority of civilian eye-witnesses. Soldiers testified anonymously and in disguise. It later emerged that their statements were altered to suit the British version of events.
Widgery exonerated the Army. For Free Derry, Widgery confirmed that the entire British establishment stood behind the Bloody Sunday killers.
The Bloody Sunday Justice Campaign (BSJC) was founded on the 20th anniversary to demand the repudiation of Widgery; the formal acknowledgement of the innocence of the victims; and the prosecution of those responsible. The relentless family-led BSJC forced the establishment, in 1998, of the new inquiry chaired
The Bloody Sunday Inquiry published its report on 15 June 2010. Its main conclusion, that all of the dead and wounded were innocent, was greeted with soaring relief and uproarious applause from the thousands gathered in Guildhall Square.
A statement on behalf of the Families declared: "The victims have been vindicated. The Parachute Regiment has been disgraced. The truth has been brought home at last. Widgery's great lie has been laid bare."
Some in Derry were dismayed that all blame was ascribed to one officer, Derek Wilford, and a number of rank-and-file soldiers. The Tribunal had followed long tradition in averting its eyes from the possible role of the military and political elite. It was also beyond belief that the report did not clearly find that the nail bombs found on the body of Gerald Donaghey were put there after his death by a member of the security forces.
But nothing can diminish the sense of joy that has lifted a darkness from Derry, nor dull the golden success of the Families over seemingly impossible odds.
Bloody Sunday wounded Derry deeply. We may hope that our city has now begun to bind up those wounds.
Domhnach na fola 30ú Eanáir 1972
Ar an 30ú Eanáir 1972, ag deireadh mór-oibríochta míleata Arm na Breataine,
Lipéadaigh Arm na Breataine na híobartaigh gunnadóirí agus buamadóirí. D'éiligh said gur caitheadh "ruathar piléar" ar a gcuid saighdiúirí. Níor bualadh aon saighdiúir nó aon fheithicil.
D'fhógair Cróinéir Dhoire Hubert O'Neill níba dhéanaí gur "dúnmhárú glan íon" a bhí sna máraithe. D'aontaigh na céadta finnéithe sibhialtacha súl.
Ar an lú feabhra, fógraíodh fiosrúchán poiblí agus an Tiarna Príomh - Bhreitheamh Widgery ina bhun ag Rialtas na Breataine. Dhiúltaigh Widgery fianaise a ghlacadh ó mhórchuid na bhfinnéithe sibhialtacha súl. D'fhianaigh saighdiúiri go diaimn agus faoi bhréagaíocht. Nochtaíodh níba dhéanaí gur athraíodh a ráitis chun cloí le leagan na Breataine den scéal.
Shaor Widgery an tArm. Do Dhoire Saor, dheimhnigh Widgery go raibh Bunaíocht iomlán Shasana ag seasamh go daingean taobh thiar de mharfóirí Dhomhnach na fola.
Bunaíodh Feachtas Cheartas Dhomhnach na Fola (FCDF) i 1992 chun a éileamh go mbeadh séanadh Widgery; admháil fhoirmeálta ar neamhchiontacht na n-íobartach agus ionchúiseamh díobh siúd a bhí freagrach. Mar gheall ar fheachtas gan staonadh na dteaghlach, bhrúigh FCDF bunú fhiosrúcháin nua i 1998 agus an Tiarna Saville mar chathaoirleach air.
D’fhógair ráiteas thar cheann na dTeaghlach “Saoradh na híobartaigh. Tá an Reisimint Pharaisiúit náirithe. Tugadh an fhírinne abhaile faoi dheireadh. Tá mórbhréag Widgery lomnocht.”
Bhí díomá ar chuid daoine i nDoire gur taisealbhadh an milleán ar fad d’oifigeach amháin, Derek Wilford agus do chuid gnáthshaighdiúirí. Chloígh an Binse le traidisiún fada a shúile a iompú ó ról féidearthach an phlúir mhíleata agus pholaitiúil. Bhí sé thar chreideamh fosta nach bhfuair an tuarascáil go soiléir gur cuireadh na buamaí tairne a fuarthas ar chorp Gerald Donaghey air i ndiaidh a bháis ag ball de na forsaí slándála.
Ach ní fhéadfadh aon rud an mothú lúcháire a thóg dorchadas 6 Dhoire a laghdú ná éirí órga na dTeaghlach in aghaidh chorrlach a raibh cuma dosháraithe orthu a mhaolú.
Ghoinigh Domhnach na Fola Doire go smior. Beidh dóchas againn go bhfuil ár gcathair ag tosnú anois breid a chur ar na cneácha seo.
This monument was unveiled by
Mrs. B. Bond of Derry C.R.A.
on the 26th January 1974
to the memory of
Patrick J. Doherty .. aged 31 years
John F. Duddy .. aged 17 years
Hugh P. Gilmour .. aged 17 years
Michael G. Kelly .. aged 17 years
Michael M. Mc Daid .. aged 20 years
Kevin G. Mc Elhinney .. aged 17 years
Bernard Mc Guigan .. aged 41 years
James G. Mc Kinney .. aged 34 years
William A. Mc Kinney .. aged 27 years
William N. Nash .. aged 19 years
James J. Wray .. aged 22 years
John P. Young .. aged 17 years
And to John Johnston .. aged 59 years
who died later as a result of injuries received that day
who were murdered by British Paratroopers on
Bloody Sunday 30th January 1972
Their epitaph is in the continuing
struggle for democracy
Location. 54° 59.797′ N, 7° 19.526′ W. Marker is in Derry-Londonderry, Northern Ireland, in County Londonderry. Marker is at the intersection of Rossville Street (B527) and Joseph Place, on the left when traveling south on Rossville Street (B527). Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Derry-Londonderry, Northern Ireland BT48 9HH, United Kingdom.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Civil Rights (within shouting distance of this marker); Motorman (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Bloody Sunday H Block Hunger Strike Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); IRA Volunteers Honor Roll (within shouting distance of this marker); Hunger Strike (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); The Peace Process (about 120 meters away); a different marker also named Bloody Sunday (about 120 meters away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Derry-Londonderry.
Also see . . .
1. Bloody Sunday Inquiry. (Submitted on January 16, 2014, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. Bloody Sunday Trust. (Submitted on January 16, 2014, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
Categories. • Civil Rights • Disasters • Patriots & Patriotism •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on January 16, 2014, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 438 times since then and 9 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on January 21, 2014, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.