“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Pensacola in Escambia County, Florida — The American South (South Atlantic)

Hyer-Knowles Planing Mill

Hyer-Knowles Planing Mill Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, March 10, 2014
1. Hyer-Knowles Planing Mill Marker
Inscription. The Chimney is the only trace of what once was the first major industrial belt on the Gulf Coast, a string of antebellum wood mills and brick factories. The chimney represents the lumber industry of the Florida Panhandle. As the lumber industry prospered in the 1850s, local mills employed 600 people and produced almost 55 million feet of lumber. The bricks in the base of the chimney bear the mark of “J. Gonzalez”, showing that they were produced at the local brick plant of James Gonzalez. The chimney was part of the steam power plant for the Hyers-Knowles Mill. In March 1862, General Braxton Bragg was evacuating the Confederate forces holding Pensacola when Confederate Secretary of War Judah P. Benjamin gave the order to "Destroy all machinery private and public, which could be useful to the enemy; especially disable the sawmills in and around the Bay." The machinery from the mills was loaded onto barges which were moved into Escambia Bay. On March 10th a thunderstorm and large waves sank the barges. That same night the Hyer-Knowles Mill was burned, and all that is left is the chimney.
Erected 1999 by the City of Pensacola & the Florida Department of State. (Marker Number F-412.)
Location. 30° 28.831′ N, 87° 
Hyer-Knowles Planing Mill Chimney image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, March 10, 2014
2. Hyer-Knowles Planing Mill Chimney
9.754′ W. Marker is in Pensacola, Florida, in Escambia County. Marker is at the intersection of Scenic Highway (U.S. 90) and Langley Avenue, on the right when traveling north on Scenic Highway. Touch for map. Located in Chimney Park. Marker is in this post office area: Pensacola FL 32504, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Frascati (approx. 4.7 miles away); Emanuel Point Shipwrecks / Los Naufragios de Emanuel Point (approx. 4.7 miles away); Church of the Sacred Heart (approx. 4.9 miles away); Historic John the Baptist Church (approx. 5.1 miles away); Hawkshaw (approx. 5.2 miles away); Fort San Bernardo (approx. 5.2 miles away); Original Site of Pensacola Junior College (approx. 5.3 miles away); Our Confederate Dead (approx. 5.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Pensacola.
Also see . . .  Florida Public Archaeology Network entry. (Submitted on March 12, 2014, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
Categories. Industry & CommerceWar, US Civil
Historic Places Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, March 10, 2014
3. Historic Places Marker
The Historic Hyer-Knowles Planing Mill
“Old Chimney”
circa 1850
This property has been listed in the
National Register of Historic Places
by the United States Department of
Interior on
May 24, 2012

In memory of
Christopher Wallace
Credits. This page was last revised on August 1, 2017. This page originally submitted on March 12, 2014, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 778 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on March 12, 2014, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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