Honolulu in Honolulu County, Hawaii — Hawaiian Island Archipelago (Pacific Ocean)
Waikiki Historic Trail
Surrounded by this open landscape, one can imagine the huge coconut grove known as Helumoa. Planted by Chief Kakuhihewa around the 15th century, the grove once had nearly 10,000 trees. Kahuamokomoki was an area nearby that served as a sporting field. Boxing, wrestling, foot races and other games were played there. Ulumaika, the round stones used for a bowling-type game, were discovered on this site during excavation and contruction of the Royal Hawaiian Hotel. Kamehameha the Great and his warriors camped near here when they began their conquest of O'ahu in 1795. Later, he would build a stone house for himself, as well as redidences for his wives and retainers in an area known as Pua'ali'ili'i. Kamehameha ended Waikiki's nearly 400 year reign as O'ahu's capital when he moved the royal headquarters to Honolulu (known then as Kou) in 1808.
"Legend tells us of a Phantom Rooster liviing in Palolo Valley known as Ka'auhelemoa. People in Waikiki often heard him crowing, but could never catch sight of him. One day, the Phantom Rooster landed in front of Kakuhihewa, Chief of O'ahu, and began scratching at the ground. The bird disappeared as suddenly as he had come. Kakuhihewa had his men plant a coconut on the spot. A great tree known as Helumoa (literally, chicken scratch) grew and became the parent of all the others in the grove
Evntually, Kamehameha V, Lot Kapuaiwa, built his modest residence here among the palms. The property was inherited by his half-sister, Princess Ruth Ke'elikolani, who later willed it to Princess Bernice Pauahi Bishop. Much of Helumoa is still owned by Kamehameha Schools, a Bernice Pauahi Bishop legacy and institution that educates thousands of Native Hawaiian children across the State.
The nearby Royal Hawaiian Hotel, also known as the Pink Palace, was completed in 1927 at a cost of $5 million. With 400 lavishly decorated rooms and Spanish-Moorish style architecture, it was then touted as the "finest resort hostelry in American." This beautiful park is owned by the City & County of Honolulu. It was developed by Graham Murata Russell and Mutual of New York Life Insurance Company in 1989 and is privately maintained for the residents and visitors of Hawai'i. The tallest coconut palms in the park date back to the 1930s
Erected by City and County of Honolulu, Waikiki Kaphula and Diamond Head Community Vision Group.
Location. 21° 16.855′ N, 157° 49.826′ W. Marker is in Honolulu, Hawaii, in Honolulu County. Marker is on Beachwalk, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. “Brothers in Valor” Memorial (about 800 feet away, measured in a direct line); Mahiole (approx. 0.2 miles away); Kãlia Fishponds (approx. 0.2 miles away); King David Kalākaua (approx. 0.2 miles away); Japanese Light Tank (approx. ¼ mile away); U.S. 105mm Howitzer M3 (approx. ¼ mile away); Japanese Type 1 (1941) (approx. ¼ mile away); U.S. Prefabricated Pill Box (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Honolulu.
Categories. • Notable Buildings • Notable Persons •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on May 4, 2014, by Denise Boose of Tehachapi, California. This page has been viewed 417 times since then and 66 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on May 4, 2014, by Denise Boose of Tehachapi, California. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.