Clarksburg in Harrison County, West Virginia — The American South (Appalachia)
“We intend… to… remain in the Union”
On April 17, 1861, the Virginia Secession Convention voted 88 to 55 to send the Ordinance of Secession to the people of Virginia for ratification. Delegates from western Virginia argued in vain against seceding from the Union then left Richmond under threat of bodily harm. After returning to Clarksburg, Unionist leader John S. Carlile called a public meeting in Harrison County. On April 22, almost 1,200 residents convened at the courthouse in Clarksburg to determine what course to take in this national crisis. From this meeting came the call for what would be known as the First Wheeling Convention on May 13, thereby setting the stage for West Virginia
John Snyder Carlile was a delegate from Harrison County who resided in Clarksburg, served as a state senator, a delegate to the Virginia Constitutional Convention of 1850-1851, and a congressman. He voted against secession at the convention in 1861 and headed the movement to form a new state government for Virginia on the grounds that secession had caused the state government offices to be vacated. He was elected to the United States Senate under the Restored Government of Virginia and at first supported but then opposed statehood for West Virginia when Congress included a provision in the statehood bill requiring gradual emancipation. Although he had been one of the earliest advocates of statehood, ultimately he voted against the bill. Carlile died near Clarksburg in 1878 and is buried in Odd Fellows Cemetery.
(lower left) John S. Carlile Courtesy Richard A. Wolfe
(right) Broadside advertising the Unionist meeting of November 24, 1860 Courtesy West Virginia University Archives
Erected by West Virginia Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the West Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 39° 16.742′ N, 80° 20.351′ W. Marker is in Clarksburg, West Virginia, in Harrison County. Marker is at the intersection of West Main Street and South 3rd Street, on the right when traveling east on West Main Street. The marker is on the plaza of the Harrison County Courthouse. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Clarksburg WV 26301, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson Monument (here, next to this marker); "Stonewall" Jackson (here, next to this marker); U.S.S. West Virginia Bow Flag Staff (a few steps from this marker); Clarksburg (a few steps from this marker); Combat Wounded (within shouting distance of this marker); The Immigrants (within shouting distance of this marker); Thomas J. (Stonewall) Jackson Birthplace (within shouting distance of this marker); Stonewall Jackson Birthplace (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Clarksburg.
Categories. • War, US Civil •
More. Search the internet for Union Meetings.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on May 4, 2014, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 431 times since then and 52 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on May 3, 2014, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.