Huntington in Cabell County, West Virginia — The American South (Appalachia)
Battle of Guyandotte
“Massacre of the 9th Infantry”
In October 1861, Col. Kelliana V. Whaley, 9th (West) Virginia Infantry, relocated a Union recruitment camp (Camp Paxton) and small cavalry detachment to Guyandotte, to the chagrin of Confederate supporters. The next month, Confederate Gen. John B. Floyd ordered Col. John Clarkson and Col. Albert G. Jenkins to “proceed in the direction of the Ohio River, and to strike the enemy a blow.” They led 1,200 horsemen of the 5th and 8th Virginia Cavalry (CS) here.
On November 10, a peaceful Sunday night in Guyandotte, Clarkson’s and Jenkins’s forces encircled the town to cut off escape routes. Meanwhile, the 150 Union recruits here were attending worship services, visiting friends, or relaxing. Few of the Federals were armed. When Confederates detachments charged into town, the recruits dashed into the streets as the sound of gunshots. The “battle” was brief and frenzied.
(lower left) Guard mount parade in Union camp — Courtesy Library of Congress
(upper right) Gen. Albert G. Jenkins Courtesy Library of Congress
Col. Kellian V. Whaley Courtesy Richard A. Wolfe
(lower right) Confederates in camp, 1861 — Courtesy Library of Congress
Erected by West Virginia Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the West Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 38° 25.719′ N, 82° 23.4′ W. Marker is in Huntington, West Virginia, in Cabell County. Marker can be reached from Guyan Street north of 5th Avenue, on the left when traveling south. Touch for map. The marker is located in the back yard of the Madie Carroll House. Marker is at or near this postal address: 234 Guyan Street, Huntington WV 25702, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A different marker also named Battle of Guyandotte Madie Carroll House (a few steps from this marker); Raid on Guyandotte / Burning of Guyandotte (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); First Cabell County Court House (about 500 feet away); John S. Witcher (about 800 feet away); Guyandotte (about 800 feet away); West Virginia Colored Children's Home (approx. 1½ miles away); War Between the States Generals / Spring Hill Cemetery (approx. 1.7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Huntington.
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on May 14, 2014, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 597 times since then and 4 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on May 14, 2014, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.