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Fort Monroe in Hampton, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

First Africans in Virginia

 
 
First Africans in Virginia Marker image. Click for full size.
By PaulwC3, May 15, 2014
1. First Africans in Virginia Marker
Inscription.  The first documented Africans in Virginia arrived in August 1619 when a Dutch man-of-war landed here at Point Comfort. The Dutch captured the “twenty and odd” Africans from the Spanish, who had enslaved them, and traded them to the Virginia colonists in exchange for foodstuffs. Early Africans who lived here included Antony and Isabell, whose son, William Tucker, likely was the first black child born in present-day Hampton. The family served the household of Capt. William Tucker, commander at Point Comfort. Whether the early Africans were treated as indentured servants or as slaves is uncertain. The institution of slavery evolved during the 17th century as the term of service for Africans was extended for life. The United States abolished slavery in 1863.

(updated text)
The first documented Africans in Virginia arrived here in Aug. 1619 on the White Lion, an English privateer based in the Netherlands. Colonial officials traded food for these “20 and odd” Africans, who had been captured from a Portuguese slave ship. Among present-day Hampton’s earliest African residents were Anthony and Isabella.
Wide view of the First Africans in Virginia Marker image. Click for full size.
By PaulwC3, May 15, 2014
2. Wide view of the First Africans in Virginia Marker
Their son, William, was the first child of African ancestry known to have been born in Virginia (ca. 1624). Many of the earliest Africans were held as slaves, but some individuals became free. A legal framework for hereditary, lifelong slavery in Virginia evolved during the 1600s. The United States abolished slavery in 1865.
 
Erected 1994 by Department of Historic Resources. (Marker Number W-96.)
 
Location. Marker has been reported permanently removed. It was located near 37° 0.062′ N, 76° 18.492′ W. Marker was in Fort Monroe, Virginia, in Hampton. Marker was on Fenwick Road 0.2 miles east of Ingalls Road. The marker is located at Engineer Wharf Fishing Pier parking lot. Touch for map. Marker was in this post office area: Fort Monroe VA 23651, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this location. A different marker also named First Africans in Virginia (here, next to this marker); Fort Monroe History (within shouting distance of this marker); Fort Monroe Seawall History (within shouting distance of this marker); Engineer Wharf (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named Fort Monroe Seawall History (about 300 feet away); Lantaka
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(about 400 feet away); Spanish 1-½ Pounder (about 400 feet away); 12-Pounder Howitzer (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fort Monroe.
 
More about this marker. This marker was replaced by an updated marker also named First Africans in Virginia (see nearby markers).
 
Regarding First Africans in Virginia.
 
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker. To better understand the relationship, study First Africans in English America marker shown.
 
Also see . . .
1. Encyclopedia Virginia: Africans, Virginia's First. (Submitted on May 18, 2014, by PaulwC3 of Northern, Virginia.)
2. Rededicating Historical Marker for Arrival of First Africans. A state historical marker is being rededicated at Fort Monroe to recognize the arrival of the first Africans in Virginia. The new marker corrects some of the narrative in the original marker. (Submitted on August 21, 2015, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.) 

3. Fort Monroe National Monument, National Park Service. (Submitted on August 19, 2019.)
4. Fort Monroe (Stone Fort) National Register of Historic Places Registration Form (pdf file). (Submitted on August 19, 2019.)
 
Categories. African AmericansSettlements & Settlers
 

More. Search the internet for First Africans in Virginia.
 
Credits. This page was last revised on August 22, 2019. This page originally submitted on May 18, 2014, by PaulwC3 of Northern, Virginia. This page has been viewed 941 times since then and 142 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on May 18, 2014, by PaulwC3 of Northern, Virginia.
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