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Enon in Chesterfield County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Grant's Virginia Campaigns

The Bermuda Hundred Campaign

 
 
Grant's Virginia Campaigns Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, May 24, 2014
1. Grant's Virginia Campaigns Marker
Inscription. Lt. Gen. Grantís strategy was to attack the Confederate armies on multiple fronts simultaneously so that they could not reinforce each other. In the early days of May 1864, Maj. Gen. George G. Meade moved the Army of the Potomac across the Rapidan River and was struck by Lee and the Army of Northern Virginia at the Wilderness. After suffering heavy casualties, Grant ordered the army on to Spotsylvania Courthouse where more heavy fighting occurred. Grant then ordered a movement to the left toward the North Anna River. There, a sick Lee was unable to capitalize on a mistaken deployment of Union forces and Grant escaped a decisive battle. Grant once again made another movement to the left which led to his ill-fated attacks at Cold Harbor.

In the Shenandoah Valley, Union forces led by Gen. Franz Sigel were defeated by a scratch force under the command of Maj. Gen. John C. Breckinridge at New Market. The Confederate victory was aided by a gallant charge from the cadets of the Virginia Military Institute.

South of Richmond, Maj. Gen Benjamin F. Butler landed the Army of the James at Bermuda Hundred in eastern Chesterfield County. He fought inconclusively against a weak Confederate force at Port Walthall Junction, Swift Creek and Chester Station. On May 16, Butler suffered a decisive defeat at the Second Battle
Grant's Virginia Campaigns Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, May 24, 2014
2. Grant's Virginia Campaigns Marker
of Drewryís Bluff. In a series of skirmishes from May 18-20, collectively known as the Battle of Ware Bottom Church, Butler's troops were pushed into their defensive earthworks by Confederate forces under the command of Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard.

When Grant pulled out of Cold Harbor and slipped the Army of the Potomac across the James River, the Overland and Bermuda Hundred Campaigns came to a close. The opening phases of the Siege of Petersburg had begun.

During May and June of 1864, Union and Confederate forces suffered nearly 90,000 combined casualties in Virginia. Ten more months of fighting still lay ahead.

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Actions in Central Virginia 1864-1865 Map courtesy of the National Park Service
This sign was sponsored by Drs. Pat and Michael Stevens, Fredericksburg, VA
 
Erected 2014 by Chesterfield County and the Blue & Gray Education Society.
 
Location. 37° 19.235′ N, 77° 21.18′ W. Marker is in Enon, Virginia, in Chesterfield County. Marker can be reached from Enon Church Road (Virginia Route 746) west of Bermuda Orchard Lane, on the left when traveling west. Touch for map. Located in Point of Rocks Park. Marker is in this post office area: Chester VA 23836, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Opening Actions of the Bermuda Hundred Campaign (here, next to this marker); Point of Rocks (approx. 0.2 miles away); Welcome to R. Garland Dodd Park at Point of Rocks (approx. 0.2 miles away); Confederate Leaders (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Bermuda Hundred Campaign-Federal Leaders (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Bermuda Hundred Campaign Begins (approx. 0.2 miles away); Federal War Plans for 1864 (approx. 0.3 miles away); Actions in the East 1861-1863 (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Enon.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on May 25, 2014, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 307 times since then and 38 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on May 25, 2014, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.
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