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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Jellico in Campbell County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

Civil War in Tennessee

War in the Mountains

 
 
Civil War in Tennessee Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, April 17, 2014
1. Civil War in Tennessee Marker
Inscription. Tennessee’s mountain residents were bitterly divided about secession in 1861, although most were Unionist. In Huntsville (Exit 141), Scott County residents voted to secede and join Kentucky if Tennessee joined the Confederacy.

Confederate commanders struggled to defend Tennessee’s lengthy border with Kentucky and western Virginia. A confederate fort in LaFollette (Exit 134) overlooked Big Creek Gap, a mountain pass, in case a Federal advance came that way. Other gaps were similarly fortified. Although when Confederated Gen. Simon B. Bruckner inspected the posts from Clinton (Exit 122) east to Cumberland Gap in June 1863, he found them “very imperfect.” Buckner strengthened the Cumberland Gap defenses (Exit 134); today, Cumberland Gap National Historic Park preserves both early Confederate fortifications and later Federal works.

The Confederate forts were intended to protect Knoxville, an important transportation center. In the city (I-275 Exit 1A), Knoxville National Cemetery contains remains of white Federal soldiers and U.S. Colored Troops who died in the area fighting. Both Confederate and Unionist leaders are buried in adjacent Old Gray Cemetery. The East Tennessee History Center on Gay Street interprets the region’s divided loyalties and the effects of the war.

Follow the routes of the
Close up of map shown on the marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, April 17, 2014
2. Close up of map shown on the marker
armies along the Tennessee Civil War Trails. Colorful markers at each stop tell the story of the war’s interesting people, places, and events. A free map guide to the Tennessee Trails network is available in the Welcome Center. Please drive carefully as you enjoy the beauty and history of the Tennessee Civil War Trails.

(captions)
"Drawing Artillery Across the Mountains," Harper's Weekly, Nov. 21, 1863
Cumberland Gap Courtesy Lincoln Memorial University
Union Monument, Knoxville National Cemetery (statue of Union soldier replaced the eagle in 1906) - Courtesy Library of Congress
 
Erected by Tennessee Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Tennessee Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 36° 35.318′ N, 84° 6.358′ W. Marker is in Jellico, Tennessee, in Campbell County. Marker can be reached from Interstate 75 north of 5th Street (U.S. 25W), on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Located in front of the Tennessee Welcome Center. Marker is in this post office area: Jellico TN 37762, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 6 other markers are within 14 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. All Veterans Memorial (within shouting distance of this
Civil War in Tennessee Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, April 17, 2014
3. Civil War in Tennessee Marker
marker); Roy Martis Chappell (approx. 10.4 miles away in Kentucky); "Aunt Julia" Marcum (approx. 11.1 miles away in Kentucky); Scott's Raid (approx. 11.1 miles away in Kentucky); County Named, 1818 (approx. 11.1 miles away in Kentucky); Big Creek Gap (approx. 13.9 miles away).
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on June 7, 2014, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. This page has been viewed 498 times since then and 63 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on June 7, 2014, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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