Niagara's Industrial Beginnings and the Establishment of the State Reservation
The development around the falls angered many people. Between 1869 and 1885, the "Free Niagara Movement" worked to rid the falls and adjacent areas of excessive industry and commercialism and create a park that would allow visitors to view the falls in their natural splendor. On July 15, 1885, the "State Reservation at Niagara" was dedicated. Over 75,000 people gathered to celebrate with marching bands, military units, orations, and fireworks. Thomas V. Welch, who led a citizen writing campaign to save the falls, became the park's first superintendent.
Niagara Reservation, the oldest state park in the United States, is now known as Niagara Falls State Park. Although the park has evolved over time to meet visitor needs, the public's desire to maintain the park's natural beauty has not changed. Nowhere in the country, perhaps in the world,
Industrial blight along the upper and lower American rapids.
Marching unit at park opening.
Thomas V. Welsh.
The Waterfalls of Niagara by R. Hancock. Published on May 17, 1794, by Laurie & Whittle, London.
During his 1869 visit to Niagara Falls, Frederick Law Olmsted became aware of the industrial threat to Niagara's natural beauty. He developed a plan to preserve this scenic wonder for the public that culminated in the establishment of the State Reservation at Niagara.
Marker series. This marker is included in the National Historic Landmarks marker series.
Location. 43° 5.161′ N, 79° 3.899′ W. Marker is in Niagara Falls, New York, in Niagara County. Marker is at the intersection of Prospect Street and Old Falls Street, on the left when traveling north on Prospect Street. Touch for map. The Robert Moses Parkway from I-190 ultimately dumps traffic onto Prospect Street, which is one-way. Marker is in this post office area: Niagara Falls NY 14303, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers
Also see . . .
1. Niagara Falls State Park - New York State Office of Parks, Recreation & Historic Preservation. (Submitted on July 15, 2014, by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York.)
2. Niagara Falls State Park - Wikipedia. The Niagara Reservation, now named Niagara Falls State Park, was declared a U.S. National Historic Landmark in 1963. (Submitted on December 8, 2014, by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York.)
3. Thomas Vincent Welch - Wikipedia. There is a marker for him in the database at his mansion. (Submitted on August 30, 2015, by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York.)
Categories. • Environment •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 15, 2014, by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York. This page has been viewed 259 times since then and 29 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on July 15, 2014, by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York. 7, 8, 9. submitted on August 30, 2015, by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.