Asheville in Buncombe County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Asheville's Enslaved People
Fearing that slaves would join the Union army occupying eastern North Carolina, Gov. Zebulon B. Vance decreed, “It is the duty of all slave-owners immediately to remove (to the west their slaves able to bear arms.” The Confederate government issued a similar order for coastal South Carolina. As white refugees and their slaves streamed into Asheville, the enslaved population doubled, causing housing and food shortages. Some slaves here escaped to Union-occupied Tennessee. Others aided Union fugitives, providing food, clothing, and directions. One slave tried to help a New York cavalryman escape.
White Asheville residents reported that the slaves welcomed Union Gen. George Stoneman’s soldiers as liberators on April 25, 1865. Fannie Patton wrote, “(W)e saw that the troops were going to move and also that a great many Negroes were going to leave with them. About 20 of
(lower left) Eagle Hotel - Courtesy North Carolina Collection, Pack Memorial Library, Asheville
(upper right) Asheville’s newly freed population lined up to register to vote on Public Square, two blocks to your right. Harper’s Magazine, 1867
Erected by North Carolina Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the North Carolina Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 35° 35.606′ N, 82° 32.928′ W. Marker is in Asheville, North Carolina, in Buncombe County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Eagle Street and Davidson Drive, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. The marker is in the north parking lot of the Asheville Public Works building. Marker is at or near this postal address: 161 S Charlotte St, Asheville NC 28801, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. "The Block" (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Ashe Monument (about 700 feet away); Brick Artisan (about 700 feet away); Hotel District (about 700 feet away); Young Men’s Institute (about 800 feet away); Monument Corner (approx. 0.2 miles away); Past and Promise (approx. 0.2 miles away); Ellington's Dream (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Asheville.
Categories. • African Americans • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 20, 2014, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 465 times since then and 44 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on July 20, 2014, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.