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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Fort Oglethorpe in Catoosa County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Lafayette Road

Chickamauga Campaign Heritage Trail

 
 
Lafayette Road Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 7, 2014
1. Lafayette Road Marker
Inscription. When it became obvious that the Federal Army of the Cumberland was about to cut the supply lines from Atlanta, the Confederate Army was forced to withdraw from Chattanooga without a fight. The primary line of retreat was south through Rossville Gap on the LaFayette Road. "The movement [out of Chattanooga] began on the night of September 7," General D.H. Hill wrote, "my corps taking the lead on the LaFayette Road. The mass of the Yankee army was supposed to be at Trenton, in Will's Valley; but as our cavalry soon lost the almost impregnable position of Lookout Mountain, but with few casualties on either side, the Yankees began to pour down into McClemore's Cove. I was accordingly ordered by the commanding general to picket the gaps in Pigeon Mountain. This duty was entrusted to General Cleburne, while Breckinridge was left at LaFayette in charge of trains for the army."

"Our troops were put in motion on September 7 and 8," General Braxton Bragg stated, "and took position from Lee and Gordon's Mills to LaFayette, on the road leading south from Chattanooga and fronting the east slope of Lookout Mountain. The forces on the Hiwassee and at Chickamauga Station took the route to ringgold. A small cavalry force was left in observation at Chattanooga and a brigade of infantry, strongly supported by cavalry, was left at Ringgold to hold
Lafayette Road Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 7, 2014
2. Lafayette Road Marker
A close-up view of the map displayed on the historical marker.
the railroad and protect it from raids."

"Bragg then fell back to LaFayette, Georgia," Colonel John T. Wilder observed, "To interpose in Rosecrans' front, leaving two cavalry brigades, one in Chattanooga and the other at Friar's Island ford, seven miles above Chattanooga, where I had kept a regiment and two guns threatening to cross all the time we were shelling... On September 9th we forced a passage of the river at Friar's Island, and the Ninety-Second Illinois, of my brigade, which had been sent to Shellmound came over the point of Lookout Mountain and entered Chattanooga."

"As soon as our movement was known to the enemy," General Bragg wrote, "his corps nearest Chattanooga [General Crittenden's 21st Army Corps], and which had been threatening Buckner's rear, was thrown into that place, and shortly thereafter commenced to move on our rear by the two roads to LaFayette and Ringgold."

Rosecrans' Chief of Staff, General James A. Garfield, updated General McCook on the situation. "A dispatched received from General Wagner, dated September 8, 8:30 p.m., stating that the rebels evacuated Chattanooga yesterday and he will occupy it in the morning. General Crittenden started this morning to occupy the place and commence the pursuit. Our forces opposite that place have been ordered to cross the river immediately and join General Crittenden."

After
Lafayette Road Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 7, 2014
3. Lafayette Road Marker
A close-up view of the illustration of the Federal Signal Station on Lookout Mountain that is displayed on the historical marker.
reaching Chattanooga, officers were sent to the point of Lookout Mountain for observation, and soon after a station communicating with department headquarters, through this station on Lookout Mountain, was established at Rossville. Communication from department headquarters to Headquarters Fourteenth Army Corps was established up Lookout Valley as rapidly as possible.
 
Erected by Chickamauga Campaign Heritage Trail. (Marker Number 21.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Chickamauga Campaign Heritage Trail marker series.
 
Location. 34° 56.831′ N, 85° 15.523′ W. Marker is in Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia, in Catoosa County. Marker is on Lafayette Road south of Forrest Road, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. This historical marker is located in the downtown business district, in front of the sign that advertises for the Park Place Plaza shopping center. Marker is in this post office area: Fort Oglethorpe GA 30742, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. McCook's Brigade (approx. mile away); Barnett's Battery I, 2nd Illinois Light Artillery (approx. mile away); Dibrell's Brigade (approx. mile away); Shaw's Tennessee Battery
Lafayette Road Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 7, 2014
4. Lafayette Road Marker
A close-up view of the photograph of General Braxton Bragg that is displayed on the historical marker.
(approx. 0.3 miles away); 1st Regiment & 18th Battalion Tennessee Cavalry (approx. 0.3 miles away); Tennessee C.S.A. Cavalry (approx. 0.3 miles away); Armstrong's Division - Forrest's Cavalry Corps. (approx. 0.3 miles away); Hospitals, Left Wing, Union Army. (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fort Oglethorpe.
 
Also see . . .
1. Chickmauga Heritage Trail Campaign. This is a link to information provided by Chickamauga Campaign Heritage Trail website. (Submitted on August 9, 2014, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.) 

2. LaFayette Road Marker - Historic Markers Across Georgia. This is a link to information provided by the Historic Markers Across Georgia website. (Submitted on August 9, 2014, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Lafayette Road Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 7, 2014
5. Lafayette Road Marker
Lafayette Road Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 7, 2014
6. Lafayette Road Marker
View of the historical marker looking north along the Lafayette Road.
Lafayette Road Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 7, 2014
7. Lafayette Road Marker
View of the historical marker looking south along the Lafayette Road.
Lafayette Road Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 7, 2014
8. Lafayette Road Marker
View of the historical marker, situated in front of the Park Place Plaza sign, along the east side of the Lafayette Road.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 9, 2014, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 311 times since then and 51 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on August 9, 2014, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.
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