Santa Fe in Santa Fe County, New Mexico — The American Mountains (Southwest)
Don Diego de Vargas Zapata Luján Ponce de León, El Marques de la Nava de Barcinas
— Resettled New Mexico Twelve Years after Pueblo Revolt of 1680 —
Erected 2007 by Caballeros de Vargas in commemoration of their 50th anniversary; founded June 25, 1656. City of Santa Fe. State of New Mexico. A special thank you to Representative Jim R. Trujillo.
Location. 35° 41.221′ N, 105° 56.199′ Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Santa Fe NM 87501, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Kateri Tekakwitha (within shouting distance of this marker); Sena Plaza (within shouting distance of this marker); Captain Diego Arias de Quiros (within shouting distance of this marker); A Building Stood Here Before 1680 (within shouting distance of this marker); Hitching Post at the End of the Trail (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Site of Santa Fe’s First Chapel (about 400 feet away); Santa Fe Trail (about 400 feet away); End of Santa Fe Trail (about 500 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Santa Fe.
Regarding Don Diego de Vargas Zapata Luján Ponce de León, El Marques de la Nava de Barcinas. Marques translates to marquis in English. The title of marquis signifies that the title-holder is a nobleman with a rank above a count and below a duke. Diego de Vargas was the first person to hold the title El Marques de la Nava de Barcinas. It was bestowed by King Carlos II in 1699. The town of Barcinas is no longer in existence but the title is still valid and held at this writing by the 12th Marquis. Barcinas was in what is now the municipality of Iznalloz, in the Andalusian province
Also see . . .
1. New Mexico History.org Entry for Diego de Vargas. Excerpt: “Spain's rivalry with other European powers, especially France, for control of the Americas raised the reconquest of New Mexico to a very high priority in the early 1690s. Successful reestablishment of Spanish sovereignty would also mean handsome rewards, both financial and social, for the new governor. That success, however, was far from a foregone conclusion. Three previous attempts to reoccupy the Pueblo world had ended in failure.
“Nevertheless, in August 1692, just 18 months after his arrival at El Paso, Vargas led a modest force of less than 200 soldiers, vecinos, and Indian allies north. Following the Rio Grande, don Diego and his expedition found the southern pueblos abandoned, their people having sought refuge in mountainous terrain in anticipation of his arrival. In mid-September, the hopeful reconquerors reached Santa Fe, the former Spanish capital. There, at least 1,000 Pueblo people awaited them.
“After a perfunctory refusal to submit to Spanish rule by the native inhabitants of Santa Fe, Vargas threatened to cut off their water supply. There followed hours of verbal exchange, during which the Pueblos demanded that certain specific settlers not be allowed to return to New Mexico, and the governor consented. Finally, don Diego issued an ultimatum: (Submitted on August 14, 2014.)
2. Cathedral Park Vandals Batter de Vargas Statue. 2013 article by Daniel Chacón in The New Mexican. Excerpt: “A fearless Don Diego de Vargas reclaimed Santa Fe from the Pueblo Indians in 1692. But a life-size bronze statue of the Spanish conquistador was no match for modern-day vandals. Since the statue was installed in downtown’s Cathedral Park in 2007, it has been fractured, defaced, sprayed with graffiti and, most recently, nearly knocked off its pedestal.” (Submitted on August 14, 2014.)
Categories. • Colonial Era • Settlements & Settlers •
More. Search the internet for Don Diego de Vargas Zapata Luján Ponce de León, El Marques de la Nava de Barcinas.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 14, 2014, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. This page has been viewed 423 times since then and 31 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on August 14, 2014, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio.