Berryville in Clarke County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Battle of Cool Spring
Union Advance and Confederate Counterattack
—Early's 1864 Attack on Washington —
On the afternoon of July 17, 1864, Union forces began arriving south of here in pursuit of Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early's army as it withdrew to the Shenandoah Valley after Early's invasion of Maryland and attack on the defenses of Washington, D.C. Early's men were deployed across the river.
The next day, two Federal assaults upstream having failed, Union Gen. George
Across the river, Confederate Gen. John C. Breckinridge ordered Gens. Gabriel C. Wharton and Robert E. Rodes to challenge the Federals. Wharton's men pushed them back toward the river along the length of the island in front of you, and at 6 p.m. Rodes began a flanking movement from the south end of Parker Island.
(Sidebar): Joseph Thoburn, born in Northern Ireland, was an unlikely military officer. His family moved to Canada and then to Ohio where Thoburn trained as a physician. He settled in Wheeling, in present-day West Virginia, and established a successful medical practice. Soon after the outbreak of the war, he enlisted as a surgeon in the Union army but soon rose to a command position. Thoburn died in action at the Battle
Erected 2013 by Virginia Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 39° 8.251′ N, 77° 52.241′ W. Marker is in Berryville, Virginia, in Clarke County. Marker can be reached from Parker Lane, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Located on the Shenandoah University, Shenandoah River Campus at Cool Spring Battlefield. The marker along the walking trail of the battlefield. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1400 Parker Lane, Bluemont VA 20135, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A different marker also named Battle of Cool Spring (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Retreat (approx. 1.4 miles away); a different marker also named Battle of Cool Spring (approx. 1.4 miles away); a different marker also named Battle of Cool Spring (approx. 1˝ miles away); Appalachian Trail and Bears Den (approx. 1.8 miles away); Crook and Early (was approx. 1.9 miles away but has been reported Forerunner of Wireless Telegraphy (was approx. 1.9 miles away but has been reported missing. ); Mt. Airy Fight (approx. 1.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Berryville.
Also see . . .
1. The Battle of Cool Spring. The Civil War Trust page for the battle of Cool Spring. The Trust lead efforts to secure preservation and reclamation of the battlefield, part of which had been a golf course. (Submitted on August 30, 2014, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
2. The Battle of Cool Spring. Page from Shenandoah at War. (Submitted on August 30, 2014, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
3. Cool Spring Battlefield by Markers. (Submitted on August 30, 2014, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 21, 2017. This page originally submitted on August 28, 2014, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 621 times since then and 34 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on August 28, 2014, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. 2, 3, 4. submitted on August 30, 2014, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. 5. submitted on August 28, 2014, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. 6. submitted on August 30, 2014, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.