Hampton, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Admiral Sir George Cockburn on the Chesapeake / The War of 1812
Admiral Sir George Cockburn on the Chesapeake
During the War of 1812, a British naval squadron arrived in Hampton Roads on 4 February 1813 to establish a naval blockade of the Chesapeake Bay. Later commanded by Adm. Sir George Cockburn, the squadron remained in the Bay for two years. Its missions were to seize USS Constellation, to occupy Norfolk, and to harass, seize, and destroy commercial traffic on the Bay and its tributaries. Although the attempt to seize Norfolk failed, Cockburn’s squadron carried out numerous raids on the James, Rappahannock, York, and Potomac rivers. In August 1814, British forces burned Washington, but were later defeated at Baltimore.
The War of 1812
Impressment of Americans into British service and the violation of American ships were among the causes of America’s War of 1812 with the British, which lasted until 1815. Beginning in 1813, Virginians suffered from a British naval blockade of the Chesapeake Bay and from British troops plundering the countryside by the Bay and along the James, Rappahannock, and Potomac rivers. The Virginia militia deflected a British attempt to take Norfolk in 1813, and engaged British forces throughout the war. By the end of the war, more than 2000 enslaved African Americans in Virginia had gained their freedom aboard British
Erected 2010 by Department of Historic Resources. (Marker Number WY-102.)
Location. 37° 0.044′ N, 76° 22.047′ W. Marker is in Hampton, Virginia. Marker is at the intersection of Chesapeake Avenue (Virginia Route 167) and Alleghany Road, on the left when traveling west on Chesapeake Avenue. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Hampton VA 23661, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Hampton Roads – World’s Greatest Harbor (here, next to this marker); Olde Wythe During Colonial Times (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Hampton Roads Golf And Country Club (about 500 feet away); The Development Of Olde Wythe (approx. 0.2 miles away); Fertile Hunting Grounds For The Indians (approx. ¼ mile away); Indian River Park – In The Heart Of Olde Wythe (approx. 0.3 miles away); Sack of Hampton / The War of 1812 (approx. 0.3 miles away); Stalemate in Hampton Roads (approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Hampton.
Categories. • African Americans • War of 1812 • Waterways & Vessels •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 2, 2014, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 568 times since then and 14 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on September 2, 2014, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.