Buchenwald Memorial in Weimarer Land Kreis (District), Thuringia, Germany
Guard Path of the SS Guard Detail
Postenweg der SS-Wachmannschaften
Measuring three kilometres in length, the asphalt-covered guard path was an important element of the concentration camp surveillance system. At night, after the SS had left the camp, guards patrolled between the twenty-two watchtowers located along the path at intervals of about one hundred metres. Every morning before the work gangs marched out through the camp gate, the guard path was expanded to form a "big sentry line" comprising over fifty double sentries and surrounding the camp, the SS facilities and the various inmate labour sites. No inmate ever succeeded in breaking through the ring consisting of a "neutral zone," electric barbed-wire fencing and the guard path. In the course of the years, hundreds of inmates were shot to death in the vicinity of the "big sentry line."
The guard path began at the camp gate, followed the route of a Baroque-period hunting lane ("Time Lane"), led past the SS dog kennels and on to its northern-most point within sight of the neighbouring village, then past the workshops and back to the camp gate.
Der drei Kilometer lange, asphaltierte Postenweg diente der Bewachung des Konzentrationslagers. Nachts, wenn die SS das Lager verließ, patroullierten Posten zwischen den 22 Wachtürmen, die im Abstand von etwa hundert Metern
Der Postenweg begann am Lagertor, verlief auf der Linie einer barocken Jagdschneise („Zeitschneise”), führte an den Hundezwingern der SS vorüber, näherte sich am nördlichsten Ende auf Sichtweite dem benachbarten Dorf, führte an den Werkstätten entlang und schloß sich wieder am Lagertor.
[French and Russian text not transcribed]
Erected by Buchenwald Memorial Foundation.
Location. 51° 1.267′ N, 11° 14.812′ E. Marker is in Buchenwald Memorial, Thuringia, in Weimarer Land Kreis (District). Touch for map. Follow the signs. Site is approximately 10 km NW of Weimar, off Blutstraße, west of Ettersburger Straße (L1054). Marker is in this post office area: Buchenwald Memorial, Thuringia 99427, Germany.
Other nearby markers. Camp Fence and the Watchtowers 3, 4 and 5, April 1945 (here, next to this marker); SS Guard Detail Splinter Protection Trench (here, next to this marker); Soviet Prisoners of War Memorial (about 120 meters away, measured in a direct line); Soviet Prisoners of War / Sowjetische Kriegsgefangene (about 150 meters away); Gate building / Torgebäude (about 150 meters away); Dog Compound / Hundezwinger (about 150 meters away); Sinti and Roma Memorial / Sinti und Roma Denkmal (about 180 meters away); SS Guard Detachment Barracks (about 180 meters away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Buchenwald Memorial.
Also see . . .
1. Buchenwald Memorial Official Site. (Submitted on September 6, 2014, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. Buchenwald in USHMM Holocaust Encyclopedia. (Submitted on September 6, 2014, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
3. Buchenwald: History & Overview. (Submitted on September 6, 2014, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
4. Buchenwald Concentration Camp. (Submitted on September 6, 2014, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
Categories. • Man-Made Features • War, World II •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 6, 2014, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 246 times since then and 10 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on September 6, 2014, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.