Saint-Jean in Haut-Richelieu MRC, Quebec — French Canadian Region
L'état de guerre avec les Iroquois incita les Français à bâtir un fort à Saint-Jean en 1666. Un nouveau fort fut érigé en 1748 afin de protéger la colonie française contre les expéditions militaires britanniques qui remontaient la rivière Richelieu. En 1775, deux redoutes furent construites pour défendre contre l'invasion américaine la colonie passée aux mains des Anglais. La même année, le fort soutint un siège de 45 jours dirigé par le général américain Montgomery. A la suite du soulèvement de 1837, de nouvelles fortifications furent établies sur l'emplacement du fort. Ces bâtiments constituent depuis 1952 le coeur du Collège militaire royal de Saint-Jean.
As a result of the Iroquois wars a first fort was erected at St-Jean by the French in 1666. In 1748 a second fort was built to protect the French colony against British military expeditions coming up the Richelieu. Later on, as a result of the American Revolution, two redoubts were built to protect the now English colony against an American invasion. Following the 1837 uprising a new military complex was built on the site of its predecessors. It is this complex which has served since 1952 as the core of the new Collège militaire royal de St-Jean.
Erected by Historic
Marker series. This marker is included in the Canada, Historic Sites and Monuments Board marker series.
Location. 45° 17.926′ N, 73° 15.207′ W. Marker is in Saint-Jean, Quebec, in Haut-Richelieu MRC. Marker can be reached from Jacques-Cartier Street North half a kilometer north of Vanier Street. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 15 Jacques-Cartier Street North, Saint-Jean, Quebec J3B 8R8, Canada.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 18 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. First Railway in Canada (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); Former Grand Trunk Railway Station (approx. half a kilometer away); Fort Sainte-Thérèse (approx. 10.1 kilometers away); Fort Ste. Therese (approx. 11 kilometers away); Second Battle of La Prairie (approx. 15.5 kilometers away); Chambly Canal (approx. 16.7 kilometers away); St. Stephen's Anglican Church (approx. 16.7 kilometers away); General John Thomas (approx. 16.8 kilometers away).
More about this marker. The marker is located just inside the main gates of the Royal Military College Saint-Jean. The campus of the Military College is park-like along the river and is open to the public.
Also see . . . Fort Saint-Jean National Historic Site of Canada. Historic Places Canada page for Fort Saint-Jean: ...Fort Saint-Jean National Historic Site of Canada is located on the Richelieu River, about 40 kilometres southeast of Montréal, in Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Québec. Built in the 18th century, remains of the early fort ramparts include the masonry foundations, piling impressions, and stockade trenches. Remains of the 1776 fort can also be seen on the site today, particularly the two bastions. Official recognition refers to the footprint of the forts built in 1748 and 1775–1776. (Submitted on September 24, 2014.)
Categories. • Forts, Castles • War, US Revolutionary • Waterways & Vessels •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 9, 2014, by Kevin Craft of Bedford, Quebec. This page has been viewed 323 times since then and 14 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on September 9, 2014, by Kevin Craft of Bedford, Quebec. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.