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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Montréal in Ville-Marie Borough, Quebec — French Canadian Region
 

Aux origines de Montréal / The origins of Montréal

 
 
Aux origines de Montréal / The origins of Montréal Marker image. Click for full size.
By PaulwC3, March 28, 2014
1. Aux origines de Montréal / The origins of Montréal Marker
Inscription. C’est ici que le sieur de Maisonneuve fonda Montréal en mai 1642. Situé au confluent du Saint-Laurent et de l’ancienne petite rivière Saint-pierre, l’endroit était bien connu des Autochtones qui s’y rassemblaient depuis des siècles, de même que sur le site de l’actuelle place Royale. Dès leur arrivée, les Français construisirent le fort Ville-Marie. Vers 1688, le gouverneur de Montréal, Louis-Hector de Calliėre, obtint une partie du terrain et y érigea sa résidence, d’où le nom de pointe ả Calliėre. Ce lieu vit naître Montréal fut aussi témoin de sa transformation en l’une des grandes métropoles du Canada.

Here, in May of 1642, sieur de Maisonneuve founded Montréal. Located at the junction of the St. Lawrence River and the now-disappeared Petite rivière Saint-Pierre, this area was well known to Native peoples who for centuries met here and on the present site of Place Royale. The French built Ville-Marie upon their arrival. Around 1688, Montréal’s governor, Louis-Hector de Calliėre, acquired a portion of the area and built his residence, hence the name Pointe ả Calliėre. This site which gave to Montréal also witnessed its transformation into one of Canada’s great metropolitan centres.
 
Erected 1997 by Commission des lieux et monuments historiques
Wide view of the Aux origines de Montréal / The origins of Montréal Marker image. Click for full size.
By PaulwC3, March 28, 2014
2. Wide view of the Aux origines de Montréal / The origins of Montréal Marker
The Little Saint-Pierre River roughly flowed parallel to this side of the building toward the camera point of view.
du Canada / Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada.
 
Location. 45° 30.174′ N, 73° 33.25′ W. Marker is in Montréal, Quebec, in Ville-Marie Borough. Marker is at the intersection of Place d'Youville and Rue de la Commune Ouest on Place d'Youville. Touch for map. The marker is located at the main entrance of the Éperon Building in the Pointe-à-Callière, Montréal Museum of Archaeology and History complex. The current marker dates to 1997. The site was originally recognized in 1924. Marker is at or near this postal address: 214 Place d'Youville, Montréal, Quebec QC H2Y 3Y5, Canada.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. L’Ancien Édifice de la Douane / The Old Custom House (within shouting distance of this marker); Joe Beef’s Canteen (within shouting distance of this marker); Montréal’s Founders and First Colonists Monument (within shouting distance of this marker); Kondiaronk and Callière (about 150 meters away, measured in a direct line); Jeanne Mance (about 180 meters away); History of Basilique Notre Dame de Montréal (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); La Basilique Notre-Dame / Notre-Dame Basilica (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); Saint-Laurent Boulevard (approx. 0.3 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Montréal.
 
Also see . . .
Pointe ả Calliėre today image. Click for full size.
By PaulwC3, March 28, 2014
3. Pointe ả Calliėre today
The Saint Lawrence River is now further to the left and the Little Saint-Pierre River has been filled in, but Pointe ả Calliėre is still remembered with the Montréal Museum of Archaeology and History.

1. Old Montreal / Pointe-à-Callière and Place Royale. The main entrance of the Museum rises above the point of land where Paul de Chomedey, Sieur de Maisonneuve, Jeanne Mance and other French settlers landed in 1642. Here, on this spot between the St. Lawrence and the Little St. Pierre River (now channelled underground), this small group raised the Ville-Marie fort, the first buildings of Montréal. The remains of the cemetery established near the fort can still be seen in the Museum. (Submitted on April 13, 2014, by PaulwC3 of Northern, Virginia.) 

2. Montréal's Birthplace National Historic Site of Canada. Montréal's Birthplace was designated a national historic site of Canada, in 1924 because:
- it is the location where the Sieur de Maisonneuve founded Montréal, in May 1642.
(Submitted on April 13, 2014, by PaulwC3 of Northern, Virginia.) 

3. Maisonneuve and the Founding of Montreal. Radiant sunshine bathed the Island of Montreal on the morning of May 18th, 1642. The hawthorns and wild cherry trees were in blossom and the meadow, where a group of French colonists had set up an altar, was dotted with trilliums and violets. (Submitted on April 19, 2014, by PaulwC3 of Northern, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. ExplorationForts, CastlesSettlements & Settlers
 
Little Saint-Pierre River / The William Collector (1832) image. Click for full size.
By PaulwC3, March 28, 2014
4. Little Saint-Pierre River / The William Collector (1832)
The Little Saint-Pierre River was soon fouled and polluted as Montréal grew. By the early 19th it was channelized and covered to become part of Montréal's sewer system. The William Collector was recently excavated and restored for the Montréal Museum of Archaeology and History Where Montréal Was Born exhibit.
The fortification of Old Montréal (1717-1738) image. Click for full size.
By PaulwC3, March 28, 2014
5. The fortification of Old Montréal (1717-1738)
Originally on the shores of the Saint Lawrence River and Little Saint-Pierre River, this section of the wall was excavated and studied. Now under the Place Royale it is part of the Pointe-à-Callière, Montréal Museum of Archaeology and History Where Montréal Was Born archaeological crypt.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on April 9, 2014, by PaulwC3 of Northern, Virginia. This page has been viewed 434 times since then and 30 times this year. Last updated on October 21, 2014, by Kevin Craft of Bedford, Quebec. Photos:   1. submitted on April 10, 2014, by PaulwC3 of Northern, Virginia.   2. submitted on April 12, 2014, by PaulwC3 of Northern, Virginia.   3, 4, 5. submitted on April 13, 2014, by PaulwC3 of Northern, Virginia. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.
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