Halifax in Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia — The Canadian Atlantic
The View from the Citadel / Le panorama vu de la citadelle
The Halifax Explosion / L’explosion d’Halifax
—The Convoys / Les Convois —
From where you are standing, you can see Ground Zero for the Halifax Explosion, the largest man-made explosion prior to the first atomic bomb. On December 6, 1917, as the First World War raged around the globe, the Norwegian relief ship Imo and the French munitions ship Mont Blanc collided far to your left, near the most distant bridge. Mont Blanc caught fire and burned for about twenty-five minutes before the 2925 tons of explosives in her hold detonated. The massive shockwave flattened two square kilometres of the city. More than 1600 people were killed, 9000 wounded and over 6000 left homeless. More Nova Scotians lost their lives in the explosion than on the battlefields of the Western Front.
De l’endroit où vous vous trouvez, vous pouvez voir le point zéro de l’explosion d’Halifax, la plus forte explosion d’origine humaine avant celle de la première bombe atomique. Le 6 décembre 1917, alors que la Première Guerre mondiale fait rage, le navire ravitailleur norvégien Imo et le navire
During the First and Second World Wars, thousands of merchant ships and their naval escorts assembled in the harbour below you before proceeding across the Atlantic to Britain. Braving a swarm of German U-boats, many did not make it. A few were sunk just outside the harbour mouth, to your right. The majority, however, survived to reach England, stretching a lifeline to victory.
Pendant les deux guerres mondiales, des milliers de navires marchands et leurs escorteurs se rassemblaient dans le port, en contrebas, avant d’entreprendre la traversée de l’Atlantique vers l’Angleterre. Confrontés à l’armada des U boats allemands, bon nombre d’entre eux n’arrivèrent jamais à destination, certains sombrant juste à l’embouchure du pout, à votre droite. Le plupart d’entre eux arrivaient toutefois en Angleterre, constituant un véritable cordon de survie qui allait paver la voie
Thousands of people have stood where you are standing, soldiers and civilians, to take in the view from the Halifax Citadel. Though the city has grown and changed over time, it has retained its basic sense of place. The panoramic photographs you see here were both taken from the same location that lies behind you and to your right.
Des milliers de personnes, militaires et civils, son venus à la place que vous occupez actuellement, pour observer le panorama depuis la citadelle d’Halifax. Même si la ville s’est agrandie et a changé au fil de temps, elle a conservé sa configuration de base. Les photos panoramique que vous voyez ici ont été prises du même point de remparts de la citadelle qui se trouve derriere vous, vers votre droite.
(Click on the image to enlarge it and compare points of interest between the two panorama photographs.)
The place where you are standing is known as the Saluting Battery. Here the custom of saluting naval ships with cannon fire was carried out by British forces in the 19th century. For much of the 20th century, the famous Noon Gun was also fired from here, as well
Le lieu où vous vous trouvez actuellement est appelé la batterie de salut. Les forces britanniques avaient coutume de saleur les navires par des coups de canon au 19ᵉ siècle. C’est également d’ici qu’on tirait, pendant la majeure partie du 20ᵉ siècle, le célèbre coup de canon de midi, ainsi que d’autres saluts au canon lors de cérémonies. L’armée canadienne tire toujours, de cet endroit. des saluts au canon pour marquer des occasions spéciales comme la Fête du Canada, perpétuant ainsi une tradition séculaire.
The Halifax Citadel was once the headquarters of a massive array of coastal defences that made Halifax one of the most heavily defended ports in North America. Five of those fortifications are now national historic sites, and together are known as the Halifax Defence Complex. Two of those sites are located on the islands which you can see to your right. As you gaze at the harbour, imagine how crossfire from those islands and surrounding headlands could have repelled any enemy fleet.
La citadelle d’Halifax était, a une époque
Erected by Parks Canada.
Location. 44° 38.869′ N, 63° 34.773′ W. Marker is in Halifax, Nova Scotia, in Halifax Regional Municipality. Marker can be reached from Sackville Street just from Brunswick Street. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 5425 Sackville Street, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3J, Canada.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Halifax Citadel (within shouting distance of this marker); South African War Monument (approx. half a kilometer away); Province House (approx. half a kilometer away); Halifax Waterfront Buildings (approx. 0.6 kilometers away); Philippe Aubert de Gaspé (fils) Edmund Burke (approx. 0.6 kilometers away); Pierre Maillard (approx. 0.6 kilometers away); St. Mary’s Basilica (approx. 0.7 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Halifax.
More about this marker. The marker stands on north wall of the Citadel overlooking Halifax Harbor.
Also see . . .
1. Dec 6, 1917: The Great Halifax Explosion - History Channel. At 9:05 a.m., in the harbor of Halifax in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia, the most devastating manmade explosion in the pre-atomic age occurs when the Mont Blanc, a French munitions ship, explodes 20 minutes after colliding with another vessel. (Submitted on October 24, 2014, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.)
2. May 24, 1917: British naval convoy system introduced - History Channel. On this day in 1917, driven by the spectacular success of the German U-boat submarines and their attacks on Allied and neutral ships at sea, the British Royal Navy introduces a newly created convoy system, whereby all merchant ships crossing the Atlantic Ocean would travel in groups under the protection of the British navy. (Submitted on October 24, 2014, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.)
3. Halifax Defence Complex - Parks Canada. Of the many different forts and batteries constructed by the British and Canadian militaries in the Halifax area, there are five that are today national historic sites owned and administered by Parks Canada. These five sites are known collectively as the Halifax Defence Complex and are part of a nation-wide family of national historic sites. (Submitted on October 24, 2014, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.)
Categories. • Disasters • Forts, Castles • War, World I • War, World II •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 24, 2014, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 317 times since then and 21 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on October 24, 2014, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.