Monticello in Lawrence County, Mississippi — The American South (East South Central)
J. B. Lenoir
Mississippi Blues Trail
J. B. Lenoir (pronounced and sometimes misspelled "Lenore") was a distinctive blues artist, in both his high-pitched singing style and the candid political critiques in many of his song lyrics. Born on his family's farm near Monticello on March 5, 1929, he learned to play guitar from his father, Devitt (or Dewitt) Lenoir, Sr.; as a youth he also played with his brother Dewitt, Jr. Lenoir decided to leave because of racial discrimination and later recalled, “After the way they treat my daddy I was never goiní to stand that no kind of way.” Lenoir began traveling to play music in his teens. He lived in Gulfport and worked at the Splendid Cafe there at one point in the 1940s, and he said he later performed in New Orleans with Sonny Boy Williamson No. 2 (Rice Miller) and Elmore James. By 1949 Lenoir had
While the subject matter of most of Lenoir's singles on various labels was conventional for a blues artist, his first recordings, in 1950, included the topical “Korea Blues.” A 1954 release, “Eisenhower Blues,” resulted in controversy, and Parrot Records owner Al Benson took Lenoir back into the studio to rerecord the song as the more generic “Tax Paying Blues”; both issues featured “Iím in Korea” on the flip side. In 1965-66 Lenoir recorded a number of political songs for European release, including “Shot on James Meredith,” “Alabama March,” “Born Dead,” “Vietnam Blues,” and the biting “Down in Mississippi,” for producer Willie Dixon at the behest of German promoters Horst Lippman and Fritz Rau. Lenoir and his Afro-American Blues Band performed some of these songs during a 1965 tour of Europe. The material was reportedly deemed too controversial for release in the United States at the time and only appeared on American labels years later. Lenoir died on April 29, 1967, in Urbana, Illinois, due to complications
Byther Smith, whose mother was a sister of Dewitt Lenoir, Sr., moved to Chicago in 1956 in hopes of joining Lenoir's band as a bass player. Those plans never worked out, but Smith played bass or guitar with some of Chicago's top bluesmen, including Otis Rush, Junior Wells, Fenton Robinson, and Sunnyland Slim, and made a number of distinctive recordings leading his own band. Born near Monticello on April 17, 1932, Smith first played guitar in a Memphis gospel group, worked as a drummer in Jackson, and learned to play upright bass in a country band in Arizona. While many of his songs dealt with standard blues themes, he sometimes used political topics, and his most intense songs often revolved around death, violence, and personal tragedies.
Erected 2011 by Mississippi Blues Commission. (Marker Number 145.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the Mississippi Blues Trail marker series.
Location. 31° 33.233′ N, 90° 6.464′ W. Marker is in Monticello, Mississippi, in Lawrence County. Touch for map. Marker
Other nearby markers. At least 4 other markers are within 14 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Cooper's Ferry (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Gov. A.H. Longino House (approx. 0.3 miles away); A. H. Longino (approx. 0.3 miles away); First Choctaw Cession (approx. 13.6 miles away).
Categories. • African Americans • Arts, Letters, Music • Civil Rights • Entertainment •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on December 4, 2011, by Jeff Lovorn of Florence, Mississippi. This page has been viewed 496 times since then and 25 times this year. Last updated on November 21, 2014, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on December 4, 2011, by Jeff Lovorn of Florence, Mississippi. 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on November 21, 2014, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.