Québec in Capitale-Nationale (region), Quebec — French Canadian Region
Louis-Joseph de Montcalm
À la suite de blessures reçues lors de la bataille des plaines d’Abraham, Louis-Joseph de Montcalm, marquis de Montcalm, lieutenant général des armées française en Nouvelle-France, décède à l’aube du 14 septembre 1759 dans la maison du chirurgien André Arnoux jadis construite sur ce site.
Né en 1712 au château de Candiac, près de Nîmes, dans le sud de la France, Montcalm débute sa carrière militaire à l’âge de 20 ans. Nomme maréchal de camp en 1756, il arrive à Québec le 13 mai de la même année pour servir sous le commandement du gouverneur général Pierre Rigaud de Vaudreuil. Promu au grade de lieutenant général en octobre 1758, il se voit confier le commandement de toutes les forces militaires en Nouvelle-France. Le 13 septembre 1759, il affronte avec une partie de ses troupes le major général James Wolfe à la tête de l’armée anglaise sur les plaines d’Abraham. James Wolfe meurt le jour même, Louis-Joseph de Montcalm, le lendemain.
As a result of wounds received at the Battle of the Plains of Abraham, Louis-Joseph de Montcalm, Marquis de Montcalm, the French army lieutenant general in New France, died at dawn on September 14, 1759 in the house of the surgeon André Arnoux once built on this site.
Born in 1712 in the Chateau of Candiac, near Nimes in southern
Erected 1999 by Ville de Québec & Gouvernement du Québec, Ministère de la Culture et des Communications.
Location. 46° 48.677′ N, 71° 12.484′ W. Marker is in Québec, Quebec, in Capitale-Nationale (region). Marker is on Rue Saint Louis just from Rue du Corps de Garde, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 47 Rue Saint Louis, Québec, Quebec G1R 3Z2, Canada.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Joseph Bouchette (within shouting distance of this marker); The Jacquet House (within shouting distance of this marker); Stone Wind Mill (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); Ulric-Joseph Tessier General Richard Montgomery (about 90 meters away); Kent House (about 90 meters away); The Maillou House (about 120 meters away); Premier Hôtel de Ville (about 150 meters away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Québec.
Also see . . . Biography of Marquis Louis-Joseph de Montcalm - Military Heritage. He was a brave officer, of this there can be no doubt, but serious defects in his character made him unfit to command an army. His intrigues to undermine the authority of his superior, the governor general, his open and at times slanderous criticism of Vaudreuil and the Canadians, his refusal to admit that tactics other than those employed in Europe had any merit, his chronic defeatism, all caused trouble and undermined the morale of the forces. Yet he had won some notable victories. But in his final campaign, when he was presented with an opportunity to destroy Wolfe’s army, or at least avoid his own defeat, he threw it away and suffered one of the most disastrous defeats in history. (Submitted on March 6, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.)
Categories. • War, French and Indian •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on March 6, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 247 times since then and 18 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on March 6, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.