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Istanbul in Fatih district, Istanbul Province, Turkey
 

The Tomb of Suleiman the Magnificent

Kânûnî Sultan Süleymân Han Türbesi

 
 
The Tomb of Suleiman the Magnificent Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, May 12, 2015
1. The Tomb of Suleiman the Magnificent Marker
Inscription. English:
Suleiman the Magnificent (1494, Trabzon - 1566, Szigetvár), was the tenth Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and the 89th Caliph of Islam. In the west, he was known as Suleiman the Magnificent and in the east, he was known as Sultan Suleiman the Lawmaker for his righteous reign. He ruled as the Sultan from 1520 until his death in 1566 and embarked on 13 military campaigns. He spent 10 years and one month in total for these military campaigns during his reign. Thus, Suleiman was the longest reigning Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, who had the highest number of military campaigns and spent the longest time on these campaigns.

Sultan Suleiman inherited the throne from his father in 1520 when Selim I died. In the west, he conquered Belgrade, Rhodes, Moldova, and a large part of Hungary. He laid siege to Vienna in 1529, but he failed due to various reasons. Fighting Safavids in the east, he conquered a large part of Middle East. While the borders of the Empire were extended to Algeria in Africa, the Ottoman Navy dominated Mediterranean and Red Sea. He inherited a territory from his father that covered 6.557.000 km’, and extended this land to 14.893.000 km2. He died the day before the end of Battle of Szigetvár on September 6th, 1566 and his son Selim ll inherited the throne.

Located in front of the mihrab
Kânûnî Sultan Süleymân Han Türbesi Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, May 12, 2015
2. Kânûnî Sultan Süleymân Han Türbesi Marker
of Suleymaniye Mosque, the tomb of Suleiman the Magnificent has an octagonal plan with cloisters resting on 28 pillars. Two walls of the tomb are covered with unique ceramics. Next to the tomb of Suleiman the Magnificent stand the tombs of his daughter Mihrimah Sultan, Suleiman II, his brother Ahmed and Dilaşup Saliha Sultan and his daughter Ayşe Sultan. Next to this tomb are the tombs of high dignitaries of the Ottoman Empire.

Turkish:
Kanunı Sultan Süleyman (1494 Trabzon - 1566 Zigetvar), Osmanlı İmparatorluğu'nun 10. padışahı ve 89. Islam halifesidir. Batıda Muhteşem Süleyman, Doğuda ise adaletli yönetimine atfen Kanunî Sultan Süleyman olarak da bilinmektedir. 1520'den 1566'daki ölümüne kadar, yaklaşık 46 yıl boyunca padişahık yapan ve toplamda 13 kere sefere çıkan Süleyman, saltanatının toplam 10 yıl 1ayını seferlerde geçirmiştir. Süleyman böylece devletin hem en uzun süre gorev yapan hem en çok sefere çıkan hem de en uzun süre sefer yapan padişahı olmuştur.

Sultan Süleyman 1520 yılında, babası Yavuz Sultan Selim'in vefatının Macaristan'ın büyük kısmını imparatorluk topraklarına katmıştır. 1529 yılında Viyana'yı kuşatsa
The Tomb of Suleiman the Magnificent Marker (Arabic) image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, May 12, 2015
3. The Tomb of Suleiman the Magnificent Marker (Arabic)
da çeşitli sebeplerden ötürü bu kuşatma başarısızlıkla sonuçlanmıştır. Doğuda, Safevîlerle yapılan savaşlar sonrasında Orta Doğu'nun büyük kısmını ele geçirmiştir. Afrika'da İmparatorluğun sınırları Cezayir'e kadar uzanırken; Osmanlı Donanması ise Akdeniz'den Kızıldeniz'e kadar olan sularda hâkimiyet kurmuştur. Babasından 6.557.000 km2 olarak devraldığı Osmanlı İmparatorluğ'nu, iktidarı döneminde 14.893.000 km2'ye ulaştırmıştır. Zigetvar Muharebesi'nin sonlanmasından yaklaşık bir gün önce, 6 Eylül 1566 tarihinde vefat etmiştir ve yerine oğlu Il. Selim devletin başına geçmiştir.

Süleymaniye Cami'nin mihrabı önünde bulunan Kânûni Sultan Süleymân Han'ın türbesi; sekiz köşeli bir plân üzerine etrafı revaklı olup, 28 sütuna dayanmaktadır. Türbenin iki duvarı eşsiz çinilerle süslenmiştir. Kânünî Sultan Süleymân Han'ın yanına kızı Mihrimâh Sultân, ikinci Süleymân ve kardeşi ikinci Ahmed ile Dilâşup Sâlihâ Sultan ve kızı Ayşe Sultan defnedilmiştir. Türbenin yan tarafında önemli devlet ricali de bulunmaktadır.

Arabic:
The Tomb of Suleiman the Magnificent Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, May 12, 2015
4. The Tomb of Suleiman the Magnificent Marker
To read the Arabic text, click on the Arabic image to enlarge it.

 
Erected by Istanbul Büyükşehir Belediyesi (Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality).
 
Location. 41° 0.929′ N, 28° 57.834′ E. Marker is in Istanbul, Istanbul Province, in Fatih district. Marker can be reached from Süleymaniye Caddesi just from Prof. Sıddık Sami Onar Caddesi, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Istanbul, Istanbul Province 34116, Turkey.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Suleymaniye Mosque and Social Complex (within shouting distance of this marker); Mimar Sinan (about 210 meters away, measured in a direct line); Rustem Pasha Mosque (approx. half a kilometer away); March 16th Martyrs (approx. half a kilometer away); The History of the Egyptian Bazaar (approx. 0.6 kilometers away); Şehzade Mosque and Complex (approx. 0.7 kilometers away); The Ruins of the Triumphal Arch of Theodosius (approx. 0.7 kilometers away); Şimkeşhane (approx. 0.7 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Istanbul.
 
More about this marker. This marker is located in the Suleymaniye Mosque and Social Complex.
 
Also see . . .
The Tomb of Suleiman the Magnificent image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, May 12, 2015
5. The Tomb of Suleiman the Magnificent
 Suleiman the Magnificent - Wikipedia. At the helm of an expanding empire, Suleiman personally instituted major legislative changes relating to society, education, taxation, and criminal law. His canonical law (or the Kanuns) fixed the form of the empire for centuries after his death. Not only was Suleiman a distinguished poet and goldsmith; he also became a great patron of culture, overseeing the "Golden" age of the Ottoman Empire in its artistic, literary and architectural development. (Submitted on July 1, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.) 
 
Categories. Cemeteries & Burial Sites
 
Suleiman the Magnificent image. Click for full size.
By attributed to Titian, circa 1530
6. Suleiman the Magnificent
<i>Exterior view of the Mausoleum of Sultan Süleyman</i> image. Click for full size.
By Abdullah Frères, circa 1890
7. Exterior view of the Mausoleum of Sultan Süleyman
Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 1, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 226 times since then and 35 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on July 1, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.   7. submitted on July 19, 2015. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.
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