Hermitage in Davidson County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
A Lively Place
Finding Strength in Family and Community
With large families and cramped living spaces, the enslaved likely spent much of their time outdoors in the common area between the cabins. Along with daily activities, weddings, funerals, celebrations, and ceremonies also took place in this common space.
James Thomas, a free black man, said in his memoirs, “I was at the Hermitage during the Christmas week and they (the genls men and women of all work) commenced to dancing in the morning. Some played cards, while others would seek some secluded spot for Cock fighting around the city.”
Men, women, and children laughed, loved, fought,
Hannah Jackson, the head of the house servants, recognized that being sold was always possible, and her husband Aaron, as the quote to the right suggest, took much pride in the fact that he and Hannah were never separated.
Ole mistus was very good to us all. She would sometimes scold a little, but we didn't mind it. Ole master never scolded, for when he said a thing it had to be done right off...They used to pick us up and sell us in those days, even little children not higher than your cane; but ole master never did. Husband said to me just before he died: 'White man never separated us; no man ever separated us.´ No, we lived with each other over sixty years, and never had any trouble. Hannah Jackson, Cincinnati Commercial Gazette, June 22, 1880
This painting, “The Old Plantation,” shows a group of slaves gathered for music, dancing, and storytelling during their limited leisure time. Although not a picture of the Hermitage Field Quarter, it is likely that the slaves who lived here entertained themselves in similar ways.
The two photographs above are linked by the brick pavement visible in both. Archaeologists discovered this brick pavement at this Field Quarter dwelling site. It is the only place at The Hermitage where archaeologists have found brick pavement next to a brick building with a limestone foundation. We believe the photograph on the left was taken at this dwelling site. The photograph, taken in 1867 by C.C. Giers, is believed to be of Jackson's slave Betty, who was Alfred's mother. The children likely belonged to Alfred's daughter Sarah.
Objects, such as this gunlock found at the Field Quarter, suggest that the enslaved could also hunt and fish to supplement and diversify their meager and unchanging allotment of pork and corn.
We had a great wedding here last night – Morgan, Squire's son to Jinney Sally's daughter. The boys went to see it was well done, they were quite merry upon the occasion, they were anxious that Alfred should perform the ceremony Morgan thought he could do it better than any one else, much to the amusement of Gracy. - Sarah Yorke Jackson to Rachel Jackson, December 29, 1849
Erected by The Hermitage Foundation.
Location. 36° 13.218′ N, 86° 36.713′ W. Marker is in Hermitage, Tennessee, in Davidson County. Marker is on Field Quarter Trail, on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. The marker is on the Field Quarter Trail at The Hermitage. Marker is in this post office area: Hermitage TN 37076, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. "Have the Negro Houses Placed Where the Old Ones Stands" (a few steps from this marker); The Field Quarter (a few steps from this marker); Stories Told by Things the Enslaved Left Behind (within shouting distance of this marker); The Field Quarter Spring (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Land Conservation at The Hermitage (about 400 feet away); Determined Resistance (about 700 feet away); The Hermitage Overseer (approx. 0.2 miles away); Ginning and Pressing "King Cotton" (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Hermitage.
Categories. • African Americans • Anthropology •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 13, 2015, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 189 times since then and 16 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on July 13, 2015, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.