Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Big Piney in Sublette County, Wyoming — The American West (Mountains)
 

Of Cattle and Men

Route of the Lander Cut-off

 
 
Of Cattle and Men Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, August 25, 2014
1. Of Cattle and Men Marker
Inscription. You are standing just north of the route taken by thousands of people, cattle and horses migrating west on the Lander Cut-off, the northern fork of the Oregon Trail, starting in 1858. None settled here then. By the late 1870s, cattle from the west were being trailed back to stock Wyoming ranges. The first Sublette County herds were a mix of western cattle but generally not Texas longhorns. In 1878-79, Ed Swan’s PL, Otto Leifer’s Circle, D.B. Budd’s Quarter Circle Six, Hugh McKay’s Sixty-Seven and A.W. Smith’s Muleshoe outfits settled on nearby Piney Creek.

In the early open range days, Big Piney ranches pastured cattle east of the Green River in winter and west of the Green River in summer. The devastating winter of 1889-1890 killed up to 90 percent of the stock, and from then on, ranchers grew hay to feed livestock in winter. Hay meadows were built by clearing sagebrush, running ditches and irrigating the land. The Big Piney Roundup Association formed in the early 1890s to self-manage grazing on the open range, and other associations followed. With the creation of the U.S. Forest Service in 1905, grazing fees were implemented for the first time on public lands. In 1934, the Taylor Grazing Act was passed to manage grazing on all federal lands through permits and fees.

Sublette County’s ranchers and grazing associations
Of Cattle and Men Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, August 25, 2014
2. Of Cattle and Men Marker
are proud of their history of stewardship on the range, which has helped keep our area beautiful and rich in wildlife.

For more information about Subllette County’s historic ranches and agriculture industry, visit Green River Valley Museum in Big Piney.
 
Erected by Sublette County Museum Board.
 
Location. 42° 35.106′ N, 110° 5.302′ W. Marker is in Big Piney, Wyoming, in Sublette County. Marker is at the intersection of U.S. 189 and Wyoming Highway 351, on the right when traveling south on U.S. 189. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 10812 US Highway 189, Big Piney WY 83113, United States of America.
 
Categories. AgricultureIndustry & CommerceRailroads & Streetcars
 
Lander Trail Marker adjacent to the Of Cattle and Men Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, August 25, 2014
3. Lander Trail Marker adjacent to the Of Cattle and Men Marker
To all the pioneers who passed this way to wind and hold the west
Route of the Lander Cut-off, first government financed road in Wyoming. Officially called Ft. Kearny, South Pass and Honey Lake Road. Built in 1858 from Rocky Ridge to Ft. Hall to provide shorter route for emigrants.
Erected by
Wyoming Historical Landmark Commission
1947


This marker is duplicated at the intersection of US Highway and Wyoming State Route 351.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on January 29, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 181 times since then and 26 times this year. Last updated on July 20, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on January 29, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.
Paid Advertisement