Berea in Madison County, Kentucky — The American South (East South Central)
Richmond-Prelude/ Richmond Battle
Confederates in Tennessee under Gen. E. Kirby Smith planned an invasion of the Blue Grass area. Finding Cumberland Gap protected, they entered through Rogers' Gap, heading to Lexington. US Gen. Wm. Nelson sent Gens. M.D. Manson and Charles Cruft to oppose the invasion. The 2 armies, US 77,000, CSA 5,000 confronted each other 6 mi. below Richmond. See Over.
On Aug. 30, 1862, CSA forces repulsed the enemy in three separate engagements. Confederate Gens. T. Churchill and P. Cleburne and Cols. P. Smith and John Scott led in battles at Mt. Zion Church, White's Farm, and at Richmond. The total dead, wounded, missing of both sides was 5,804. Federals retreated and scattered. The CSA moved on to Lexington. See Over.
Erected 1969 by Kentucky Historical Society & Kentucky Department of Highways. (Marker Number 1300.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the Kentucky Historical Society marker series.
Location. 37° 38.996′ N, 84° 14.468′ W. Marker is in Berea, Kentucky, in Madison County. Marker is on Battlefield Memorial Highway (U.S. 421) north of Old Kingsto-Berea Raod, on the right Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Berea KY 40403, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Battle Begins (approx. half a mile away); Battle of Richmond (approx. 1.1 miles away); a different marker also named The Battle of Richmond (approx. 1.1 miles away); Slavery at Pleasant View Farm (approx. 1.1 miles away); Texas Memorial (approx. 1.2 miles away); General Thomas Churchill (approx. 1.2 miles away); The Union Trail (approx. 1.2 miles away); "Good, Common-Sense Soldiering" (approx. 1.2 miles away).
Also see . . .
1. Battle of Richmond Association. (Submitted on July 24, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee.)
2. Civil War Trust. The Battle of Richmond (Submitted on July 24, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee.)
3. Battle of Richmond Visitor Center. (Submitted on July 24, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee.)
Additional keywords. The Battle of Richmond, Kirby Smith, Churchill, Patrick Cleburne, Nelson, Manson, Cruft. Aug 30, 1862.
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 24, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 230 times since then and 14 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on July 24, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.