Saugus in Essex County, Massachusetts — The American Northeast (New England)
The Casting House
Founders used simple hand tools: rakes to remove slag, V-shaped hoes called “ships,” and ladles to complex molds. The liquid iron flowed through a network of shallow V-shaped trenches dug in the sand floor. The iron cooled and hardened into heavy bars called “sows.”
This fireback was one of the products made at Saugus. Set at the rear of the fireplace, it reflected heat back into the room, thus reducing the amount that escaped up the chimney. Decorative wood carvings were patterns for the firebacks. The wood was pressed into the sand, creating an impression that was filled with molten iron flowing directly from the crucible.
Potters and pattern makers practiced their skills months before the casting work began. Even a simple cast-iron pot required a mold of several pieces. Pot molds were buried in the sand, and the liquid iron was ladled into openings.
Location. 42° 28.146′ N, 71° 0.485′ W. Marker is in Saugus, Massachusetts, in Essex County. Marker can be reached from Bridge Street. Touch for map. The marker is at Saugus Iron Works National Historic Site, slightly underneath the reconstructed furnace. Marker is in this post office area: Saugus MA 01906, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Making Iron (within shouting distance of this marker); River Basin Terminus (within shouting distance of this marker); The Forge (within shouting distance of this marker); Iron Works (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line but has been reported missing); Blacksmith Shop (about 300 feet away); Appleton's Pulpit (approx. 0.2 miles away); Saugus Vietnam Memorial (approx. ¼ mile away); Saugus Massachusetts World War I Honor Roll (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Saugus.
Categories. • Colonial Era • Industry & Commerce • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 29, 2015, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 132 times since then and 14 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on July 29, 2015, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.