Allatoona in Bartow County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
Chartered by the State of Georgia in 1837, workmen completed the Western & Atlantic Railroad in 1850 over a winding 137-mile route from Atlanta, Georgia, to Chattanooga, Tennessee. At Allatoona, massive quantities of earth and stone were removed to create passage for a single railroad track through the mountain.
Two years after the "Great Locomotive Chase", General William T. Sherman's Union army pushed south from Tennessee towards Atlanta. Most of the battles followed during the Atlanta campaign took place within short distance of this railroad supply line.
The railroad abandoned the track to Allatoona Pass in the late 1940s when the route was relocated to avoid Lake Allatoona, then under construction. Today, one can only image the sound of the great steam locomotives moving through this deep cut.
"The W&A RR of Georgia should be the pride of every true American because by reason of its existence the Union was saved. Every foot of it should be sacred ground, because it was once moistened with patriotic blood. Over a hundred miles of it was fought in a continuous battle of 120 days, during which, night and day, were heard the continuous boom of cannon and the sharp crack of rifle."
General William T. Sherman
The Great Locomotive Chase
Christian Schussel designed the Army Medal of Honor which was approved by Congress on July 12, 1862. The army intended that the medal be awarded to recognize "gallantry in action and other soldier-like qualities" among enlisted personnel. Congress amended the law on March 3, 1863, to include officers. First awarded on March 25, 1863, the standards for the Army Medal of Honor have become more demanding. During the Civil War, 1,195 soldiers and one civilian
Erected by Georgia State Parks & Historical Sites.
Location. 34° 6.84′ N, 84° 42.898′ W. Marker is in Allatoona, Georgia, in Bartow County. Marker can be reached from Old Allatoona Road SE 0.4 miles north of Allatoona Landing Road SE, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 632 Old Allatoona Rd SE, Cartersville GA 30121, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Wartime Allatoona (here, next to this marker); The Battle of Allatoona Pass (here, next to this marker); Demand For Surrender (here, next to this marker); The Memorial Field (here, next to this marker); Allatoona Pass (within shouting distance of this marker); Battle of Allatoona Welcome to Allatoona Pass Battlefield (within shouting distance of this marker); Iowa (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Allatoona.
Categories. • Railroads & Streetcars • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on December 6, 2018. This page originally submitted on August 18, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 328 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on August 18, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.