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Allatoona in Bartow County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

The Railroad

 
 
The Railroad/ The Great Locomotive Chase Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, October 11, 2008
1. The Railroad/ The Great Locomotive Chase Marker
Inscription.
Chartered by the state of Georgia in 1837, workmen completed the Western & Atlantic Railroad in 1850 over a winding 137-mile route from Atlanta, Georgia, to Chattanooga, Tennessee. At Allatoona, massive quantities of earth and stone were removed to create a passage for a single railroad track through the mountain.

Two years after the "Great Locomotive Chase", General William T. Sherman´s Union army pushed south from Tennessee towards Atlanta. Most of the battles followed during the Atlanta campaign took place within short distance of this railroad supply line.

The railroad abandoned the track to Allatoona Pass in the late 1940s when the route was relocated to avoid Lake Allatoona, then under construction. Today, one can only images the sound of the great steam locomotives moving through this deep cut.

"The W&A RR of Georgia should be the pride of every true American because by reason of its existence the Union was saved. Every foot of it should be sacred ground, because it was once moistened with patriotic blood. Over a hundred miles of it was fought in a continuous battle of the 120 days, during which, night and day, were heard the continuous boom of cannon and the sharp crack of rifle."
General William T. Sherman

(sidebar)
The Great Locomotive Chase

Railroads
The Great Locomotive Chase- End of Chase image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, October 11, 2008
2. The Great Locomotive Chase- End of Chase
The end of the chance and abandonment of the "General," took place 2 miles north of Ringgold, Georgia.
became vital supply lines to both North and South during the Civil War. On April 12, 1862, James Andrews and a group of mostly nonuniformed Union soldiers commandeered the locomotive "General" and a mixed freight-passenger train from Big Shanty, 13 miles south of Allatoona. Heading north, their mission was to damage the railroad, destroy bridges, cut telegraph wires, and disrupt supplies to the Confederate army in Tennessee. Conductor William Fuller, engineer Jeff Cain, and Superintended Anthony Murphy pursued their stolen train using a pole cart. Beyond Allatoona, the men were thrown from their car and into a ditch after hitting a section of track sabotaged the raiders. Enlisting other W&A locomotives to continue the chase, Fuller and Murphy helped capture Andrews and the Raiders later that day north of Ringgold, Georgia. Several of "Andrews Raiders" became the first recipient of the Congressional Medal of Honor.

Christian Schussel designed the Army Medal of Honor which was approved by Congress on July 12, 1862. The army intended that the medal be awarded to recognize "gallantry in action and other soldier-like qualities" among enlisted personnel. Congress amended the law on March 3, 1863, to include officers. First awarded on March 25, 1863, the standards for the Army Medal of Honor have become more demanding. During the Civil War, 1,195 soldiers and one civilian received
1887 photo- posing with the General at Allatoona Pass image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, October 11, 2008
3. 1887 photo- posing with the General at Allatoona Pass
this award. English born, Private James E. Croft, 12th Battery, Wisconsin Light Artillery, was awarded the Medal of Honor on March 20, 1897, for bravery during the battle of Allatoona. Although wounded, Croft took the place of the gunner who had been shot down and inspired his comrades with his bravery in effective gunnery as he pulled the lanyard of the rifled cannon decimating the approaching Confederate column.
 
Erected by Georgia State Parks & Historical Sites.
 
Location. 34° 6.84′ N, 84° 42.898′ W. Marker is in Allatoona, Georgia, in Bartow County. Marker can be reached from Old Allatoona Road SE 0.4 miles north of Allatoona Landing Road SE, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 632 Old Allatoona Rd SE, Cartersville GA 30121, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Wartime Allatoona (here, next to this marker); The Battle of Allatoona Pass (here, next to this marker); Demand For Surrender (here, next to this marker); The Memorial Field (here, next to this marker); Allatoona Pass (within shouting distance of this marker); Battle of Allatoona
The Railroad/ The Great Locomotive Chase Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, October 11, 2008
4. The Railroad/ The Great Locomotive Chase Marker
(yellow arrow)
(within shouting distance of this marker); Welcome to Allatoona Pass Battlefield (within shouting distance of this marker); Iowa (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Allatoona.
 
Categories. Railroads & StreetcarsWar, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 18, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 281 times since then and 49 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on August 18, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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