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Allatoona in Bartow County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

The Allatoona Mountain Range

 
 
The Allatoona Mountain Range Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, October 11, 2008
1. The Allatoona Mountain Range Marker
Inscription.
The Allatoona Mountain range is the southernmost spur of Appalachian Mountain. Years before the war, Lieutenant William T. Sherman spent time surveying this area for the U.S. Army; therefore, he understood the formidable military defense these mountains provided. In May of 1864 while the Union Army advanced towards Atlanta, General Sherman chose not to attack the Confederate defense positions here.

"I knew the strength of Altoona Pass, having ridden through it several years ago, and knew it would reduce our strength … I determined not to attempt it but to pass the range by other more devious and difficult natural roads that would admit of more equal terms with the enemy shall he attempt to meet us."
Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman´s official report

"The scenery is wild and beautiful, hill, valley and ravine intersecting. The view from the hill extends for a distance of twenty-five miles … half a mile away, Allatoona Creek sparkling in the sun, winds its way across the deep valley." A history of the 4th Regiment of Minnesota Infantry Volunteers during the Great Rebellion, 1861-1865.

When the Confederates withdrew from this area and retreated south, Sherman ordered that Allatoona Pass be fortified to protect the Western & Atlantic Railroad, which would supply his army as it continued southward
Allatoona Pass Map image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, October 11, 2008
2. Allatoona Pass Map
towards Atlanta. Design by his chief of engineers, Orlando M. Poe, the fortifications consisted of large earth forts on either side of the railroad cut and an elaborate set of connecting trenches and readouts.
 
Erected by Georgia State Parks & Historical Sites.
 
Location. 34° 6.939′ N, 84° 42.851′ W. Marker is in Allatoona, Georgia, in Bartow County. Marker can be reached from Old Alltatoona Road SE 0.4 miles north of Allatoona Landing Road SE, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Located on the Battle of Allatoona Park Trail. Marker is at or near this postal address: 632 Old Allatoona Road SE, Cartersville GA 30121, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Military Service Road (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Eastern Redoubt (about 400 feet away); 4th Minnesota Regimental Headquarters (about 400 feet away); Iowa (about 400 feet away); The Crow's Nest (about 500 feet away); Federal Trenches (about 500 feet away); The Deep Cut (about 600 feet away); Wartime Allatoona (about 600 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Allatoona.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
The Allatoona Mountain Range image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, October 11, 2008
3. The Allatoona Mountain Range
William T Sherman image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher
4. William T Sherman
Courtesy of the Library of Congress
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 18, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 209 times since then and 31 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on August 18, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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