Chester in Chesterfield County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
The Bermuda Hundred Campaign
This is a fragment from the breech of a 5.8 inch “Sawyer Gun”. This gun was located at Battery Sawyer, a Federal gun position across the river to your front where the River’s Bend community is today. This gun burst on August 5, 1864 after ﬁring 10 rounds. In an ofﬁcial report, Col. Henry L. Abbot of the 1st Connecticut Heavy Artillery wrote: “The gun had already been ﬁred a large number of times at Fort Monroe. It burst into four principle parts, the largest remained in its place on the carriage; the bottom of the bore near the breech, fell between the cheeks; the left half of the top fell upon the parapet a short distance from the gun; the right half was thrown some 200 yards entirely outside the fort.”
Sawyer Guns were created by New England inventor Sylvanius Sawyer. The Ordnance Department gave his guns favorable reviews, however, few of his guns were used during the Civil War, making this fragment a rare relic from the ﬁghting that occurred near Dutch Gap.
This Sawyer Gun fragment was donated to the Chesterﬁeld Historical Society of Virginia by David H. and Mary Kay Gates in honor of Judge Ernest P. Gates and Virginia Y. Gates.
Map of the Dutch Gap area showing the location of Union and Confederate fortifications
Erected by The Chesterfield Historical Society of Virginia.
Location. 37° 22.461′ N, 77° 21.733′ W. Marker is in Chester, Virginia, in Chesterfield County. Marker can be reached from Henricus Park Road 1.3 miles east of Coxendale Road. Touch for map. The marker is located in Henricus Historical Park east of the parking lot. Marker is at or near this postal address: 251 Henricus Park Road, Chester VA 23836, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Chief Opechancanouch (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named The Bermuda Hundred Campaign (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named The Bermuda Hundred Campaign (within shouting distance of this marker); Henricopolis (approx. 0.2 miles away); Mount Malady (approx. 0.2 miles away); The James River...Floating Through The Centuries (approx. 0.2 miles away); Dutch Gap (approx. 0.2 miles away); Dutch Gap Canal (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Chester.
Also see . . .
1. Henricus Historical Park. (Submitted on August 23, 2015.)
2. Bermuda Hundred Campaign. Chesterfield (Submitted on August 23, 2015.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 23, 2015, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 194 times since then and 18 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on August 23, 2015, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.