Yellowstone National Park in Park County, Wyoming — The American West (Mountains)
Cascading to the Caldera
This frothy veil of water plunges 84 feet (26 m), then tumbles toward the Yellowstone Caldera about ¼ mile (.4 km) downriver. As Gibbon Falls erodes the rock below, the waterfall forever grows higher and migrates farther from the rim of the caldera.
Cradled by Tuff
Volcanic history surrounds you. When the Yellowstone volcano erupted about 640,000 years ago, untold volumes of volcanic ash spewed forth. Intense heat welded the mountains of ash into rock called Lava Creek tuff.
The Gibbon River rushes toward you through a canyon of Lava Creek tuff. Tuff formed the hillsides high above the river. The road behind you cuts through a wall of tuff strewn with rocks that were deposited by the Yellowstone ice cap around 14,000 – 16,000 years ago.
You cannot clearly see the caldera that formed when the Yellowstone Volcano erupted. Subsequent eruptions of underground magma oozed through cracks, spreading lava over the earth’s surface. Lava flowed and cooled for millennia, partially filling the caldera to create the landscape you see now.
Were Are You?
← If you travel south you move INTO the caldera.
→ If you travel north you move AWAY from the caldera.
Erected by National Park Service.
Location. Touch for map. Marker is located on the Lower Grand Loop Road, between the Madison and Norris junctions. Marker is in this post office area: Yellowstone National Park WY 82190, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Plateau of Fire (approx. 4.8 miles away); The Madison Elk Herd (approx. 5.2 miles away); Porkchop Geyser (approx. 5.8 miles away); a different marker also named Porkchop Geyser (approx. 5.8 miles away); Echinus (approx. 5.9 miles away); Echinus (approx. 5.9 miles away); Cistern Spring (approx. 5.9 miles away); Steamboat Geyser (approx. 6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Yellowstone National Park.
More about this marker. A photograph of Gibbon Falls appears on the left side of the marker. A map on the right of the marker indicates the location of the Yellowstone caldera in relation to Gibbon Falls and other landmarks.
Categories. • Natural Features •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 8, 2015, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 169 times since then and 37 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on September 8, 2015, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.