“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Fredericksburg, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)

Big Gun at Howison Hill


—The Battle of Fredericksburg —

Big Gun at Howison Hill Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, May 25, 2008
1. Big Gun at Howison Hill Marker
Inscription. Two weeks of Union delay before the Battle of Fredericksburg gave the Confederates time to bring up large cannons rarely seen on other battlefields in Virginia. The sturdy gun emplacements above you protected a huge siege gun, capable of firing a 30-pound shell nearly two miles. Ten men operated the cannon; typically, a gun like this would fire a round every five minutes.

As they awaited battle, Confederate cannoneers cut down trees and carefully calculated the range to likely areas of Union attack. When the fighting started on December 13, 1862, the Confederate guns here on Howison Hill fired rhythmically on Union columns in front of Marye's Heights. The crossfire from Howison Hill added horror to an already impossible Union task.
Erected by Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park - National Park Service - U.S. Dept. of the Interior.
Location. 38° 16.73′ N, 77° 28.428′ W. Marker is near Fredericksburg, Virginia. Marker is at the intersection of Lee Drive and Lloyd Lane, on the right when traveling south on Lee Drive. Touch for map. Located at the Howison Hill pull-off, stop four of the driving tour of the Fredericksburg Battlefield. Marker is in this post office area: Fredericksburg VA 22401, United States of America.
Other nearby markers.
Guns on Howison Hill image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, May 25, 2008
2. Guns on Howison Hill
A 30-pounder (4.2-inch) Parrott rifle and a Confederate 12-pounder Napoleon smoothbore represent the heavy guns placed at Howison Hill during the battle.
At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Confederate Artillery Defense (within shouting distance of this marker); Lee’s Hill (approx. 0.4 miles away); The Pioneers (approx. 0.4 miles away); The Second Battle of Fredericksburg (approx. 0.4 miles away); Artillery on Lee's Hill (approx. 0.4 miles away); Lee's Hill, the commander's lookout (approx. 0.4 miles away); Lee's Command Post (approx. 0.4 miles away); Near Disaster (approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fredericksburg.
More about this marker. The background of the marker is a 1930s view of landscapes from Howison Hill, with fields of fire overlayed.
Also see . . .  Howison Hill Virtual Tour. National Park Service page. (Submitted on July 5, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
Categories. War, US Civil
Battery Fortifications image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, May 25, 2008
3. Battery Fortifications
Confederate gunners benefited from the Union delay, not only to clear fields of fire, but also to improve the defensive earthworks to protect them from counter battery fires.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 5, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,649 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on July 5, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
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