Perryville in Boyle County, Kentucky — The American South (East South Central)
—The Battle for Kentucky October 8, 1862 —
When the Confederate attack began, the 80th Indiana lay down to await the Southern assault. The roar of musketry and cannon fire foreshadowed the ferocity of the fight, and some Hoosiers were killed and wounded when cannon balls bounced through the ranks.
Near 2:20 p.m., Confederate Brigadier General Daniel Donelson’s brigade emerged from a belt of woods approximately 200 yards to your front.
Donelson’s Tennessee troops, who had been hit hard by Federal artillery, marched toward a gap between Webster’s brigade and Colonel Leonard Harris’s brigade, which was deployed on the ridges to your right. The 80th Indiana had to prevent the Confederates from exploiting this gap.
The ripping volleys of musketry and booming artillery was deafening as Donelson’s men clawed their way toward Samuel Harris’s cannon. The 80th Indiana moved forward and helped repulse Donelson’s men, who left their dead and wounded scattered in these fields.
Despite the fire, these Confederates, part of Brigadier General S.A.M. Wood’s brigade, nearly surrounded Samuel Harris’s cannon. The artillery fell back and the 80th Indiana followed, taking a new position along the Dixville Road, in the fields behind you. Colonel Webster was killed near the road, and, as daylight faded, the Union troops continued to move to the rear, where the fighting ended.
The 80th Indiana began the fight with 738 men. They lost 27 killed, 116 wounded, and 14 missing, representing more than 21 percent casualties. Sergeant George Washington Potter, Jr., later lamented, “The dead and wounded lay thick in all directions, friends and foes side by side.” Here, and all across the battlefield, inexperienced Union troops faced the horrific realities of war for the first time.
—Private, Jospeh P. Glizen, Co. H, 80th Indiana regiment
Erected by Kentucky Historical Society and the Indianapolis Civil War Round Table.
Location. 37° 40.263′ N, 84° 58.778′ W. Marker is in Perryville, Kentucky, in Boyle County. Marker is on Whites Road west of Battlefield Road (Kentucky Route 1920), on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Located in Perryville Battlefield State Historic Site. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1825 Battlefield Road, Perryville KY 40468, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Webster's Brigade (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); General Polk Behind Enemy Lines (about 300 feet away); Harris' Battery (about 400 feet away); Illinois Soldiers at Perryville (approx. 0.2 miles away); Dixville Crossroads (approx. 0.2 miles away); Russell House (approx. 0.2 miles away); Widow Gibson Cabin (approx. ¼ mile away); Cleburne's Advance (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Perryville.
More about this marker. On the left is a drawing of “A contemporary view of the 80th Indiana fighting on this spot”
On top is a portrait of “Colonel Leonard Harris”
On the upper right is a portrait of “Sgt. James Cantwell of Company G”
Also see . . .
1. Perryville Battlefield State Historic Site. Kentucky State Parks (Submitted on August 25, 2011, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
2. Perryville. Civil War Trust (Submitted on August 25, 2011, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
3. Perryville. CWSAC Battle Summary (Submitted on August 25, 2011, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 25, 2011, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 766 times since then and 29 times this year. Last updated on September 15, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on August 25, 2011, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. 3. submitted on September 15, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee.