Near Spring Hill in Maury County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
The Battle of Spring Hill
Blocking the Columbia Turnpike
Confederate Gen. John Bell Hood hoped to block the road in front of you—the Columbia Turnpike—and cut off Union Gen. John M. Schofield's force at Columbia from a larger Federal army to the north at Nashville. Confederate divisions under Gens. William B. Bate and Patrick Cleburne neared the turnpike about nightfall on November 29, 1864, and encountered the leading elements of Schofield's troops at and around the pike.
While Cleburne engaged in an intense fire-fight closer to Spring Hill, Bate advanced across this field. His men exchanged a spattering of rifle fire with Federal troops before Bate was ordered to pull his division away from the road and connect with Cleburne's division. Bate protested the order to his superior, Gen. Benjamin F. Cheatham, but was told he could either follow the directive or report under arrest. Grudgingly, Bate withdrew his division and in the darkness managed to connect his right flank with Cleburne's left. The best opportunity to block the pike had been lost, and Federal troops continued their northward movement along the road.
"I was moving so as to strike the turnpike to the right of Maj. Nat. Cheer's residence when I received an order from General Cheatham to halt. My main line was within 200 yards of the turnpike." - Gen. William B. Bate, CSA
(lower left) There are no known 19th-century photographs of Columbia Turnpike near Spring Hill. This view, however, taken some two decades after the war along the pike just south of Franklin, approximates what the troops would have seen at Spring Hill. - Courtesy Army Heritage Education Center
(right) Bate's division halted just short of the Columbia Turnpike and connected with Cleburne's division. Maintaining a light defensive position outside Spring Hill, Union forces marched on, division after division, toward Spring Hill and Franklin.
Erected by Tennessee Civil War Trails & Civil War Trust.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Tennessee Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 35° 44.019′ N, 86° 57.04′ W. Marker is near Spring Hill, Tennessee, in Maury County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Main Street and Northfield Lane, on the right when traveling north Touch for map. Located on the grounds of Rippavilla Plantation. Marker is at or near this postal address: 5700 Main Street, Spring Hill TN 37174, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A different marker also named The Battle of Spring Hill (about 700 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named The Battle of Spring Hill (approx. 0.2 miles away); Confederate Movements After Sunset (approx. 0.2 miles away); Schofield's Retreat (approx. 0.2 miles away); Rippavilla Plantation (approx. ¼ mile away); Billy Direct (approx. ¾ mile away); Cleburne's Pursuit (approx. 1.2 miles away); Confederate Deployment (approx. 1.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Spring Hill.
Also see . . .
1. Rippavilla Plantation. (Submitted on September 25, 2015.)
2. The Battle of Spring Hill. Civil War Trust (Submitted on September 25, 2015.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on April 30, 2018. This page originally submitted on September 24, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 229 times since then and 29 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on September 24, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.