Longview in Gregg County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
World War II & Its Aftermath
During World War II, served as gathering point for the "Big Inch" pipeline. Two feet in diameter — the largest pipe yet constructed—the "Big Inch" line carried crude oil to Pennsylvania. From there, branches led to East Coast refineries. Completed in 1943, the "Big Inch" protected the bulk of the nation's wartime fuel supply from German submarines which threatened tanker ships. It is said that the Allies rode to victory on East Texas crude.
With the coming of the war, Longview was selected as site of a major U.S. Army hospital. Harmon General Hospital consisted of 232 frame buildings on a 156-acre tract off Mobberly Avenue. The facility was dedicated Dec. 15, 1942, serving thousands of GIs before deactivation on Jan. 20, 1946.
Erected 2000 by One Hundred Acres of Heritage, Inc.
Location. 32° 29.749′ N, 94° 44.202′ W. Marker is in Longview, Texas, in Gregg County. Marker is at the intersection of North Green Street and East Methvin Street, on the right when traveling south on North Green Street. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 219 East Methvin Street, Longview TX 75601, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Oil Boom Brings Renewal (here, A City That Grows (here, next to this marker); First Discovery Wells and Then the Boom! (here, next to this marker); The Fabulous Fifties (a few steps from this marker); Transportation: Model T's, Trains & Trolleys (a few steps from this marker); Longview Expands Its Influence (a few steps from this marker); Industry Accelerates Economic Growth (a few steps from this marker); Longview Charters First Industry in Texas (a few steps from this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Longview.
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker.
Also see . . .
1. Texas State Historical Association article on the Harmon General Hospital. (Submitted on October 2, 2015, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
2. Texas State Historical Association article on the Big Inch pipeline. (Submitted on October 2, 2015, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
Categories. • Natural Resources • Science & Medicine • War, World II •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 2, 2015, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 286 times since then and 18 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on October 2, 2015, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.