Memphis in Shelby County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
The Memphis 13/Bruce Elementary
The first African-American students to enroll in Bruce Elementary were Dwania Kyles, Menelik Fombi (formerly Michael Willis), and Harry Williams. All lived closer to Bruce than to the African-American school where they would other wise have been assigned. Dwania Kyles remembered the social isolation at school and how she relied on friends in her neighborhod church for support. "It was just the constant barrage of negativity," Menelik Fombi recalled. "One on one you may be OK with a boy. You get two or three of his friends and your a n____. The whole group dynamic would change." Harry Williams remembered his motivation to break the segregation barrier. "I didn't want to be no wimp," he said. "I had my little pride back then." He also recalls a diligent principal. "She made sure we were safe." Also to be remembered are the dedicated parents of these students: Samuel B. Kyles, A.W. Willis, and Romanita Morris.
In implementing the U.S. Supreme Court's 1954 decision outlawing school segregation by race, the Memphis Board of Education ultimately agreed in 1961 to a plan to integrate the schools. The Memphis Branch of the NAACP recruited 200 applicants, and 13 African-American first graders were selected to integrate four elementary schools. This phased-in approach, adding a grade per year,
Location. 35° 7.886′ N, 90° 1.331′ W. Marker is in Memphis, Tennessee, in Shelby County. Marker is on Carr Ave., on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Memphis TN 38104, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Annesdale Park Subdivision (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); St. John's United Methodist Church (about 600 feet away); First Congregational Church (was approx. half a mile away but has been reported missing. ); Kuni Wada Bakery Remembrance (approx. 0.6 miles away); Confederate Soldiers Rest (approx. 0.6 miles away); Jane Terrell Hospital Captain Kit Dalton (approx. 0.6 miles away); Elmwood Cemetery (approx. 0.7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Memphis.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. To better understand the relationship, study each marker in the order shown.
Also see . . .
1. The Memphis 13 (2011). Documentary Film. (Submitted on October 10, 2015, by Steve Masler of Memphis, Tennessee.)
2. The Memphis 13. (Submitted on October 10, 2015, by Steve Masler of Memphis, Tennessee.)
Categories. • African Americans • Civil Rights • Education •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 10, 2015, by Steve Masler of Memphis, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 206 times since then and 17 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on October 10, 2015, by Steve Masler of Memphis, Tennessee. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.